The average risk of influenza in an adult is only two times in 10 years. Then why do many of us get the flu every fall?
Adults are less likely to tolerate the flu than they think. Patients often confuse flu symptoms with similar symptoms of common SARS and ARI. The doctor also told me that a child’s body is much more susceptible to the virus than an adult. Therefore, children get the INFLUENZA, on average, once every two years.
And finally, a good friend of mine told me that people have a number of habits that increase the risk of contracting the flu. I want to give you this list in full.
5. The habit of going to work with influenza
This habit, probably, should be put in the first place. Influenza is transmitted from an infected person to the time of illness (1-2 days) and for 7 days after the onset of the first symptoms. Thus, a person can be contagious (the carrier of the virus), not yet knowing that he was sick. But, despite this, we, even knowing that we are ill, still go to work. And we infect colleagues, instead of being treated at home in quarantine.
6. The habit of self-medication
Once in an acute respiratory illness, the doctor has prescribed an antibiotic for you. And now you are taking this remedy for the first symptoms of a cold. Well, well, it’s better to prevent the disease than to treat it, you think. And no one told you that antibiotics lower immunity? And in general, do not you know that self-medication can be very dangerous for health? So no self-medication! At the first sign of illness, call a doctor at home.
7. Frequent visits to the clinic
Why was I advised in the previous paragraph to call a doctor at home? Yes, because the habit of visiting the clinic with or without reason also increases the risk of catching the influenza virus. Why, tell me, sit out for several hours under the doctor’s office, next to the same carriers of the virus as you?
8. The habit of kissing at a meeting
After all, did everyone notice this mass fashion among young people? They probably forgot that the flu is transmitted by airborne droplets. So they kiss right and left. No, of course, I am not against kisses, and certainly not against friendly handshakes, but if there are any symptoms of the disease, it is better to transfer politeness and courtesies to a more suitable time.
9. The habit of worrying about and without
Panic not only makes a person dumber. According to American researchers, it weakens the immune system and makes us defenseless against any infection - not to mention the effects of stress such as insomnia, digestive upset and weakening of the cardiovascular system. To give your nerves a break, try soothing teas with chamomile or mint, take more walks and in no case sacrifice sleep.
10. The habit of walking without a hat in the cold
Or walk in cold weather in light clothing. Of course, FLU and SARS does not cause hypothermia, but the causative agents of the disease - viruses that are on surrounding surfaces and "sit" in people around. But against the background of hypothermia (as well as other adverse effects that temporarily reduce immunity), a person becomes more susceptible to viruses and is more likely to get sick. In addition, the habit of dressing not according to the weather, except for influenza, poses a number of diseases, including otitis media, cystitis, tonsillitis, meningitis, etc.
Try to get rid of at least three habits from this list, and you will notice that Influenza and SARS will “cling” to you much less often.
The information published on the site is intended for reference only. The described methods of diagnosis, treatment, etc. self-use is not recommended. Be sure to consult a specialist so as not to harm your health!
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Why am I constantly sick with the flu?
Influenza is sometimes called the plague of the 21st century. We hear about its epidemics in the news almost every year, and often few manage to avoid the disease. High fever, weakness, headache and the need to sit at home for several days, swallowing bitter tablets - of course, it is unpleasant. But how can this be avoided?
What is the difference between flu and a common cold?
Immediately, we note that such a diagnosis as a cold does not exist in medicine. This is the household name for a group of acute viral respiratory diseases that occur due to various types of viruses and bacteria. Influenza also belongs to ARVI, but it is caused specifically by the influenza virus - the most aggressive and dangerous of this group.
The disease is usually to blame for the patient himself, who was not involved in prevention. Nowadays, there are several simple and effective ways to minimize the risk of getting sick. Someone simply does not know about them, someone - considers ineffective, and someone is misled by advertising and unscrupulous drug manufacturers. Check yourself: perhaps some of your mistakes this winter will lead to extremely unpleasant consequences.
So, the risk of getting the flu increases greatly if you:
1. Do not get vaccinated
Flu shots are really necessary. It consists of weakened or dead infectious agents (or parts thereof) that are not capable of causing the disease, but the immune system responds to them and forms antibodies. And if the virus then attacks you, the immune system will respond quickly: the antibodies are ready. The disease will not start or go away in a mild form.
Opponents of vaccination often make this argument: “the flu virus constantly mutates, which means vaccinations are ineffective. How do doctors know what influenza virus will be this year? ” Indeed, influenza changes over time, but researchers have long calculated them and learned to predict which virus will be dangerous in the new year. Each year, the vaccine changes so that people under its influence are as protected as possible from all variants of the virus that are relevant this winter. A flu shot gives immunity in 90% of cases, and this, you see, is a good indicator.
Doctors recommend everyone to get vaccinated, but most of all vaccination is needed for children (after six months), elderly people, pregnant women, and people with chronic diseases - the virus is especially dangerous for them.
2. You rely on immunostimulants
Immunity boosting medications are some of the best-selling pharmaceutical products. The market for influenza drugs in the first half of 2017 amounted to more than 24 billion rubles, which means that over the past six months, Russian pharmacies sold more than 70 million packages. According to marketers, immunostimulants and immunomodulators are able to protect against colds and flu, as well as normalize and "stimulate" immunity. But trust such advertising is not worth it. By and large, the new, fashionable word “immunostimulant” hides the good old dietary supplement, and sometimes even a completely useless homeopathic potion. Experts advise taking these drugs with caution and only to those patients who have severe immunodeficiency (this means that the number of antiviral bodies is in the range from 200 to 500). If the patient has less than 200 of these antiviral bodies (doctors call them T4 cells), then an immunostimulant will cause a rapid depletion of the immune system, and may even lead to the multiplication of viruses in the body.
Taking "magic pills" for the prevention of colds also makes no sense. The most effective ways to prevent the occurrence of ailments are, no matter how trite it may sound, proper balanced nutrition, moderate physical activity, as well as proper rest and sleep. No potions can replace these "pillars" of your health.
3. Do not use disinfectants
In Japan, the country of long-livers, this practice has long existed: carry portable disinfectants with you for personal protection against influenza viruses, colds, and other respiratory infections. Such funds have proven themselves because of their simplicity and effectiveness: the number of acute respiratory viral infections there is noticeably lower than in Russia.
Fortunately, Russians now also have the opportunity to protect themselves and their loved ones in winter: a few years ago a group of Japanese scientists presented a personal protective measure against viruses and bacteria that cause the flu and the common cold, as well as the Coxsackie virus. Barrier Reef - This is a cartridge with the active substance Dioxidechlorine (chlorine dioxide), which creates a “purity dome” in the human respiratory zone without viruses and pathogenic bacteria. The tool is approved by the Research Institute of Disinfectology of Rospotrebnadzor and has a wide evidence base of its effectiveness: successful tests of the "Barrier Reef" were conducted at several institutes in Japan and Russia.
When the “Barrier Reef” is activated, the process of formation of the active substance of chlorine dioxide starts, which creates a “dome of purity” in the human breathing zone: air free from pathogens. Its safety is evidenced by the fact that chlorine dioxide at the state level is used in the disinfection of tap water in Russia.
At the same time, the “Barrier Reef” is extremely easy to use: you open the package and put on a cartridge, and it disinfects the air around you at a distance of one meter, killing 99% of viruses and bacteria within 10 minutes after the start of use. Act Barrier Reef also extends to the avian influenza A H5N1 virus and the swine A H1N1 virus. The complete death of resistant forms of bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, is achieved within four hours. Just carry the virus blocker with you: one cartridge can reliably protect against any type of SARS for 30 days. You can hang it on your neck, bag or backpack, attach it in a room or near your workplace. This is easy to do thanks to the tape and clip for fastening, which are included with the badges. And you can simply install at home next to yourself or at the bed of an already sick person.
Barrier Reef protects even the smallest family members, because the product is equipped with a safety valve. He will easily be unfastened if the child gets tangled in a tape or clings to something.
Duration of influenza in adults and children
They say that if the flu is not treated, then it will pass in a week. But not everything is so rosy. Influenza is an extremely dangerous infectious disease of the respiratory system, if not treated, dangerous complications can begin to develop. Extremely quickly, this process develops in children. Therefore, each parent should know how long the flu lasts in children, how long adults have the flu, and for what symptoms it is necessary to sound the alarm.
Before you consider the question of how many days you have the flu, you need to make sure that this disease is developing. It is very important to distinguish the disease by symptoms from the common cold, since the effectiveness of the treatment would otherwise be reduced to zero. If an adult or a baby has a cold, then the disease always starts smoothly. The patient has a slight malaise, after which there are difficulties with breathing, rhinitis, sneezing occurs. After some time, the temperature can rise to 38 degrees. There is tickling in the goal and coughing.
The main mistake of patients is that they suspect the flu. But by this concept is understood an acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract, which has a slightly different course. Everyone should know about the differences, since the duration of the flu disease is different. The disease can provoke complications after three days.
Influenza always starts with a sharp jump in temperature to 39-40 degrees. The infected person begins to manifest all the symptoms of intoxication:
- severe pain in the head
- soreness in the forehead,
- muscle and joint pain
- absolute powerlessness
- less often nausea and vomiting.
When infected, the nose is not blocked and there is no sore throat. The patient is tormented by a painful cough that occurs a couple of days after the temperature jump. Another clear sign of flu is redness of the eyes and photophobia.
The course of the flu is much harder than a common cold, and a disease of its own complications is dangerous. In this case, the duration of the disease increases. In case of an unexpected jump in temperature and the attachment of other symptoms, it is urgent to call a doctor. The answer to the question of how long the flu has been ill is possible only after it is known whether there are complications.
Adult Flu Duration
Considering how long the flu lasts, it is worth noting that many adults make a terrible mistake. Most of the malaise continues to go to work, do their own thing. A sick leave is issued only if the patient cannot get out of bed. As soon as a little relief follows, people again run to work, despite the ongoing runny nose and cough. It is for this reason that it is difficult to answer the question of how long adults have been ill with influenza in time.
The duration of the flu depends on the state in which the human immune system resides, on the presence of aggravating factors and associated diseases. Another danger of the disease is the great risk of infection of close relatives who live in the same apartment. Particular danger is manifested if there are children nearby. The patient is considered contagious for at least three days after the onset of the first symptomatology.
If you follow all the doctor’s recommendations, dress according to the weather, do not get too cold, so as not to weaken the immune system, always keep your feet warm, observe bed rest and a proper balanced diet, start treatment immediately, the answer to the question how many days adults get the flu is simple - 6-7 days.
When implementing the recommendations, improvement occurs on the 4th day. But if the body is extremely weak, is in a state of chronic stress, lacks vitamins, has suffered an additional illness, then the answer to the question how many days the flu lasts is already different. The ailment can drag on for up to two weeks.
If the patient does not follow the doctor’s instructions, performs them irregularly, then the patient may suffer a cough and runny nose for a long period. This period is from 1 to 2 weeks, or even longer.In the autumn-winter period, weakened immunity is not able to deal with a new invasion of viruses and bacteria, therefore, re-infection or the attachment of a secondary infection is possible. In this case, considering how long the flu lasts in adults, you can not be sure of the timing.
Duration of influenza in children
Worried mom and dad are interested in the question of how long the flu lasts in a child. The first signs of an illness in a baby begin to appear a couple of days before a cold. The child’s appetite is completely lost, he becomes tearful, sleeps poorly. In infants, diarrhea is quite often noted, since this is the reaction of the body to the pathogen that has penetrated into it.
The sharp progression of the disease begins with a temperature of 39-40 degrees. Parents should remember that knocking it is allowed only when the mark has reached 38.5 degrees. Up to this point, the body independently fights pathogens, and heat is just a reaction. At this temperature, the virus dies.
After a couple of days, a runny nose and cough may appear. Only the doctor will tell you which drug to use after examining a small patient. Of folk methods, wiping the entire body is often used. Use cool water. Also give the baby as much fluid as possible to prevent dehydration.
Influenza in a child is dangerous because complications can begin to develop. The most common are:
There may also be swelling of the larynx, which is accompanied by blue lips, a specific cough. If such symptoms are noted, then immediately call an ambulance. How much flu does it go through? For a full recovery, the child needs at least a week.
As soon as all signs of malaise begin to fade, given the impotence, nasal congestion, coughing, the child is recovering. Grudnichkov should be examined by a doctor even with a slight cold. Only the pediatrician will tell if the throat is sore, if there are wheezing in the lungs. Children usually get sick much harder, the temperature lasts longer, and this condition is often accompanied by convulsions.
How long does the flu last and when does the temperature go? The temperature usually starts to disappear on the 4th day. The earlier the illness is determined, the faster the therapy begins. Therefore, it is very important for mothers and fathers to observe the well-being of their child, to ensure that he does not get cold. Only in this case, it will be possible to avoid infection and complications in case of infection. In this case, the question of how much the flu goes is not so acute.
Many people wonder how long the flu is treated, because even after 10-14 days the symptoms do not go away. If the flu lasts more than two weeks, then you need to sound the alarm. There are a number of symptoms that indicate the progression of complications:
- shooting pains in the ears
- intense dry cough
- aches in the joints and throughout the body,
- pain in the heart,
This symptomatology indicates that the disease gave complications. How much flu is treated in adults? Depends on concomitant disease. May begin to develop:
Often, as a result of the flu, chronic diseases become aggravated. It can be cystitis, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis and others. Such diseases are even more difficult to treat than the flu itself. In this case, it becomes more difficult to answer the question how many days the flu is treated.
To know how many days influenza is treated in adults, you need to know what complication develops. Patients pass all the necessary tests, the results of which determine the diagnosis. To cope with complications, doctors often prescribe antibacterial drugs. They help inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria, but they do not have a very good effect on the body.
But it is worth remembering that the flu is caused by a virus, so it is forbidden to start taking antibiotics on your own. This is impractical, since antibiotics are effective against bacteria. In the early stages of the disease, a secondary bacterial infection or pneumonia may not join. That is why drinking antibiotics only according to the doctor’s recommendations, if there are indications.
In order not to resort to radical methods, not to torment yourself with the question of how many days the flu lasts in adults and children, it is necessary to treat the disease with full responsibility. Therapy should last as long as the doctor considers appropriate. If you finish the therapy halfway. When only the main symptoms receded, the disease can be driven deeper, and a chronic form will occur. This is how a runny nose in a chronic form appears.
In order not to wonder how long they have the flu, everyone should follow basic preventive measures. Timely prevention will allow you not to become infected or facilitate the course of the disease.
- Vaccination. This is the most reliable and effective method of prevention. Vaccination must be carried out a month before the onset of cold weather. During this time, the body adapts and will be ready to fight the infection. Vaccination is recommended for both adults and children. It is especially necessary to be vaccinated to people who are at risk. These are children, the elderly, pregnant women, patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Vaccination is carried out in the hospital at the place of residence. But since the causative agent of influenza constantly mutates, vaccinations must be done annually before the outbreak.
- Proper nutrition. It must be balanced and correct. In the diet include as many vegetables and fruits as possible, vitamin C. The use of a sufficient amount of liquid is also indicated. It can be not only water, but also tea, milk, compotes, fruit drinks.
- Airing the room. The air in the apartment should always be only fresh. Due to this, the concentration of viruses and bacteria in the air decreases. At night, try to open the windows, but in no case do not allow a draft. During the heating season, make sure that the humidity in the room is at least 60%. If the air is too dry, then the nasal mucosa will be overdried accordingly. For this reason, she will not be able to fully cope with her main task - the fight against viruses and bacteria. Experts recommend purchasing special humidifiers for air.
- Hardening. A huge role is played by the hardening of the body. Such procedures significantly strengthen the human immune system, increase the body's defenses. Thanks to this, the body can resist the attack of pathogens. In summer, try to swim in open water, walk barefoot on the ground and grass. In the winter, a visit to the bath or hardening at home is possible. To do this, two basins with water are typed, and the legs are alternately placed in containers.
- Hand wash. In order not to guess how long the flu has been sick, it is important to wash your hands regularly and not only before meals, but also after the street. Use a disinfecting soap during washing. It is best to give preference to economic.
- Active lifestyle. To be healthy, to strengthen immunity, it is necessary to devote time to physical education. You just need to exercise in the morning, go jogging or go to the pool.
Such preventive measures will significantly strengthen the immune system, and protect the body from a large number of diseases.
So how many people have more flu? To a greater extent, the state of the body plays a role. The stronger the immune system, the faster it fights viruses and bacteria. It is worth eating right, drinking as much fluid as possible, leading a healthy lifestyle. This will only speed up the healing process.
At the first symptoms of influenza, consult a doctor. It is strictly forbidden to engage in self-medication, as this can be harmful to health, especially for children. Only a doctor can assess treatment by the results of the analysis, the results of the analysis, and the results of the analysis. It is very important to correctly treat the body's recovery after a disease, take multivitamin complexes, resort to moderate physical activity, spend time in the fresh air.
The 10 most enduring cold myths you need to forget about
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The most popular misconceptions are: air conditioners, drafts and freezing temperatures outside a window with cold winds are the main culprits of colds. Also, many people are sure that it is possible to get SARS only once per season, and in order to prevent a cold from becoming a flu, you need to take antibiotics. After reading the article, you will know everything about the common cold and stop believing in false statements.
Bright Side collected the 10 most common myths about colds that are passed down from generation to generation and which it’s time to forget about.
Myth 1. Colds sometimes turn into flu.
SARS and influenza are caused by different viruses, so one disease can not go into another. But at an early stage, many people do not see the difference in the symptoms of these two ailments. Here's how you can understand that you caught a cold, and not got the flu:
- A cold begins gradually, and it is characterized by an increase in symptoms: sore throat, profuse runny nose, chills. For about 5 days, a person feels that he is getting sick. Influenza occurs at lightning speed and is accompanied by headache, body aches and severe weakness.
- With a cold, there is either no temperature at all, or it does not rise too high (up to 38 °). With influenza, a sharp rise in temperature is observed (39 ° and above).
- Sneezing is a sign of a cold; there is no such symptom with the flu.
Myth 2. Colds can be cured with antibiotics.
Antibiotics cannot destroy the virus, since they differ in structure from bacteria. And taking such drugs will not only not bring benefits, but it will also harm: the symptoms of a cold will not go away, and the virus will continue to multiply in your body.
And even more so, do not take antibiotics “just in case”. The result will be the exact opposite: you will weaken your own immunity during colds and create all the conditions for the virus. And in the future, the risk increases that antibiotics will not help at the right time, since surviving bacteria after prevention with such drugs become immune to them.
Myth 3. Colds can not be treated.
Usually, the symptoms of a cold last 3 days, but if you just wait until it “goes away”, you can increase this period to a month or wait for complications. Pay special attention: immediately call an ambulance if shortness of breath appears or it becomes difficult to breathe.
Myth 4. Colds are not a reason to go on sick leave.
Many are used to heroically experiencing the peak of the common cold in their workplace. And even there is an opinion that if you do not let yourself relax, then the disease will pass faster. In fact, the healing process is only being delayed. The best option: stay home for the first 1-2 days, and then return to work. In the event that you suddenly confused a cold with the flu, you will be able to avoid serious complications. Another reason to stay home: in the early days of the disease, the person is a carrier of the virus and can infect other people.
Myth 5. With a cold, you just need to lie
This myth is directly opposite to the previous one: prolonged stay in bed can cause bronchitis and pneumonia, and also leads to stagnation of blood in the legs. Of course, you do not need to run to the gym as soon as you feel a little better, but moderate activity will only benefit.
Myth 6. Cold air can cause colds.
The only chance to catch a cold is to “catch” the virus, and it doesn’t matter whether you are wearing a hat or not, and also in vain do people blame the wind, drafts and air conditioners. And if it seems to you that you are constantly catching a cold after a flight or because of freezing temperatures, then this is not so. The fact is that dry air helps to dry out the mucous membranes and it becomes more difficult for the body to contain the virus.
Myth 7. If you go outside with a wet head, you will certainly get cold.
As well as a draft, rain or your wet hair that you did not have time to dry, do not cause a cold. There are 3 ways to “catch” the virus: airborne, airborne, and household. And besides, do not forget that viruses are quite viable:
- Indoors, they live the longest on water-resistant surfaces - more than 7 days.
- On clothes, upholstery or paper - about 12 hours.
- On hands - from several minutes to 1 hour.
- On the door handles - 6 hours.
But excessive cooling can weaken your immunity and make it more susceptible to viruses, so walking with a wet head is still not recommended.
Myth 8. You can only catch a cold once a season.
There are 2 news: good and bad. The good news is that the body develops immunity to the type of virus that this person has already been ill with, which means there is no likelihood of re-infection. The bad news: there are more than 200 types of viruses that can cause colds, so you can get sick more than once in one season.
Myth 9. Colds can be cured in one day.
There are people who believe that if you take a shock dose of drugs, you can put yourself on your feet in just one day. And this is a very dangerous myth. Any body in which the common cold virus has settled needs time to recover, and if you abuse drugs that relieve symptoms, a big burden on the heart is created and the consequences can be very serious. Also pay attention to drugs with paracetamol: if the dose is exceeded, they can cause liver failure.
What is immunity
Immunity is a biological barrier that prevents the penetration of a variety of alien harmful agents existing in the environment.
- Harmful substances.
- Foreign biological tissues, for example, donor ones.
- Cells of the body itself, pathologically changed, for example, cancer.
When a foreign agent enters the body (with breathing, food, contact with skin, mucous membranes, blood, etc.), the immune system responds by producing special cells. They kill viruses, bacteria, parasites. These cells are called phagocytes, and the immune process itself is called phagocytosis.
There are other cells, blood proteins, immunoglobulins that neutralize various chemically active molecules.
When, nevertheless, a foreign agent gets inside any cell of the body, then in response the human body begins to resist, producing a specific cellular protein, interferon, to end the threat. At this point, the person rises in temperature. This is an additional protection, because many viruses and bacteria are not able to withstand even a slight increase in the temperature of the environment in which they enter.
The body also has an external protective barrier, the so-called non-specific immunity. This is our primary defense - beneficial bacteria on the skin, mucous membranes and in the intestines, which kill and prevent pathogens from multiplying. Specific substances, enzymes - like a “chemical weapon” that protects human health.
However, these protective forces of the body today "work" for many people not well enough, and there are reasons for this. Frequent colds on the lips in adults, colds and other diseases - all this is due to weakened immunity.
Bad environmental situation
Car exhaust gases contain up to 200 harmful and even deadly substances for human health. Today, large cities suffer from an overabundance of road transport. Often, far from all cars have new, high-quality engines. Many drivers do not even think about catalysts and catalysts for car emissions. The quality of fuel at ordinary gas stations leaves much to be desired.
If we add here also the emissions of industrial enterprises, then the city air turns into a “cocktail”, which is simply becoming difficult to breathe.
Polluted air irritates the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, so to speak, “preparing the ground” for pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Since the first protective barrier of the human body is largely reduced - nonspecific immunity.
Therefore, diseases such as rhinitis, rashes on the lips, cough, which are not accompanied by fever, but can last for months, are often manifested.
No less serious environmental factor is electromagnetic pollution. Electronics - computers, smartphones, monitors, televisions, microwave ovens - that constantly surrounds us, and without which modern man can no longer imagine life, negatively affects his body. Naturally, immunity is reduced.
To the unfavorable environmental situation that prevails in cities, you need to add the wrong lifestyle - bad habits.
For example, smoking greatly aggravates the situation, because tobacco smoke contains more than 4 thousand harmful substances, and not just nicotine. These are deadly poisons, for example, arsenic, hydrogen cyanide, polonium-210. All these chemical reagents penetrate the human body, poison it for years, "diverting" the body's immune forces to fight these substances in the first place. The immune response to the invasion of external foreign agents is weak. This can cause frequent coughing in an adult without signs of a cold.
Long sitting at the computer in the workplace and at home affects not only posture and impaired vision. Mostly the immune system suffers. After all, the human body is designed for constant movement. When the muscles are in constant relaxation, they simply begin to atrophy. There is stagnation of blood, lymph, organs cease to work well, and the heart experiences, on the contrary, a stronger load. Respiratory organs are particularly affected. The volume of the lungs is reduced, the bronchi become "flabby." Therefore, slight hypothermia can cause the disease. And if we add here the unfavorable ecological environment and smoking, then the result is obvious.
The city dweller is always in a hurry somewhere, so he just has no time to eat properly, fully. They use cheap and unhealthy foods from the fast food industry. And this is often fried food, which is usually washed down with sweet drinks, jammed with chocolate bars, etc.
These fatty, refined foods harm the body. They do not contain the necessary vitamins, minerals. The balance of proteins of fats and carbohydrates is upset. Such products are poorly absorbed by the body. He spends too much effort to digest them and deal with the consequences of such a diet. Accordingly, people who consume such foods, especially in large quantities, suffer from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
In addition, such malnutrition with poor-quality products leads to infection with parasites, giardia.
All this weakens the body so much that the immune defense just can not cope.
It is no secret that life is not easy now, constant stress accompanies a modern person everywhere. It can cause frequent colds in adults. Inability to relax, calm down, chronic lack of sleep, fatigue, exhaustion - the body's forces are spent excessively.
Sometimes a person just needs to get enough good sleep, have a good rest, so as not to injure his health and raise immunity.
Studies by scientists have shown that a positive-minded person is less ill with colds.
The causes of frequent colds in adults lie in the wrongly built daily routine. It is necessary to develop a certain regime in order to have a good rest, to take food on time. When a person lives “according to a schedule”, in a certain rhythm, it is easier for him to bear stress. Moreover, he eliminates many stressful situations, is not late, is in no hurry, is not overloaded with work. This way of life forms a favorable positive thinking.
The causes of frequent colds in adults also lie in junk food. A healthy diet requires a balanced combination of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the diet. Food should be rich in minerals and vitamins of different groups - A, B, C, D, E, PP.
It is necessary to eat natural products, exclude processed foods from the diet and not buy fast food. If you purchase products in a supermarket, you need to carefully read what is written on the packaging, whether there are artificial components - preservatives, dyes, flavor enhancers, emulsifiers. Do not eat this.
Only under such conditions the immune system works fully, which means that your body will cope well with colds.
Vitamin A is present in vegetables and fruits of bright yellow, orange, red colors - carrots, pumpkins, apricots, tomatoes, bell peppers. This vitamin is also rich in animal products - liver, chicken eggs, butter.
B vitamins are found in nuts, seeds, bran and wholemeal, eggs, liver, meat, dairy products.
Vitamin C can be obtained from a decoction of rose hips, cranberries, sauerkraut, citrus fruits.
Vitamin E is found in abundance in unrefined vegetable oil, wheat and oat seedlings.
Hardening and gymnastics
If adults have frequent colds, what should I do? Need to do hardening and gymnastics.
Tempering procedures are best started with special training. First, in the mornings, pour over the feet with slightly warm water and rub them with a terry towel. Then, after a few weeks, proceed to pouring on the legs and feet, and so gradually move up. In the end - to begin to pour completely cool water at room temperature.
The gymnastic complex should be selected according to age and physical data. Hatha yoga or various complexes of Chinese gymnastics with smooth movements and gradually increasing load are especially suitable for a weakened body.
For those who often suffer from colds, breathing exercises that help to train the lungs, bronchi are very important. For example, the gymnastics complex Strelnikova or pranayama yoga.
Daily jogging, regular visits to the pool, ice rink, skiing and cycling in the fresh air will benefit.
Once a week, you need to travel out of town to breathe clean air, cleanse your lungs.
Immunomodulators made from plant material should be taken every three months. These are various preparations from aloe, ginseng (for hypertensive patients it is better not to use it), echinacea, mummy.
You can resort to traditional medicine, make teas, infusions from healthy herbs, make tasty and rich vitamin mixtures from honey with nuts, lemon, cranberries, dried fruits.
Eat onions and garlic.
Treatment of frequent colds in adults with medicines should be carried out exclusively under the supervision of a doctor. Only he can establish a diagnosis and prescribe exactly those drugs that are needed.
Treatment of frequent colds on the lips in adults
In order for the rashes on the lips to go faster, you need to prepare a decoction of chamomile, mint or celandine.
A tablespoon of dry grass is poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for an hour in a sealed container. Then neatly moistened with a cotton swab infusion make lotion every 2 hours.
Tea made from chamomile is good to drink inside.
Where does it all begin
- inflammation of the mucous membranes,
- nasal congestion,
- sore throat possible
- lack of appetite,
- general weakness
- temperature less than 38 ° C.
If untreated, complications associated with inflammation of the respiratory tract (bronchitis), hearing organs (otitis media), lungs (pneumonitis), larynx (laryngitis) and pharynx (pharyngitis), runny nose (sinusitis and rhinitis) are possible.
According to statistics, a person visiting a doctor for this reason more than 6 times a year may say that he is often sick. Moreover, the norm in an adult is up to 2 times a year in the case of a seasonal epidemic.
Possible causes of colds
Older people and children are more susceptible to this disease. Also, the resistance to the disease is affected by lifestyle. The causes of frequent colds in adults can be increased physical and mental stress or their complete absence, stressful situations, lack of sleep, sedentary work or an unbalanced diet.
People with bad habits or chronic illnesses should be most careful and respond to the first symptoms as soon as possible. Otherwise, serious complications are possible.
However, in the vast majority of cases, the cause of frequent colds is a weakened human immune system, which is seriously affected by all of the above factors.
The role of immunity
The immune system is the body system that acts as a protective barrier that helps you not catch a cold. It prevents the entry of harmful agents, such as bacteria, parasites, viruses, pathologically altered own cells and donor tissues, into vulnerable areas of the body. There are three main lines of defense.
The first initiates the synthesis of phagocytes. These are specialized cells that help neutralize a hostile antigen.
The second is called humoral immunity, in which the antigen is neutralized by antibodies - immunoglobulins.
The third line was skin, as well as some mucous membranes and enzymes. If a viral infection nevertheless enters the body, its response will be the intensive production of interferon - a special cellular protein. In this case, the patient will experience elevated body temperature.
Initially, immunity is formed in the womb, therefore it is closely related to genetic heredity and directly depends on the characteristics of feeding. Breast milk will help to seriously strengthen the baby's immunity. However, in addition to heredity, there are a huge number of other factors that can affect the development of protective functions. Most of them are corrected by modern pharmacology and will not let you catch a cold.
Reasons for a decrease in immunity
In most cases, weak immunity occurs for the following reasons:
- low-quality products with a high content of nitrates,
- chlorinated water
- frequency of meals
- severe stressful situations
- lack of sleep
- parasitic diseases
- problems in the oral cavity
- low physical activity
- clothing mismatch
- the harmful effects of the environment in large cities,
- the use of alcohol and tobacco products,
- creating excessively greenhouse conditions for the body.
Another important reason is poor hygiene. Dirty hands become a source of germs and viruses that can infect you. For prevention, you need to wash your hands with antibacterial soap for about 20 seconds.
Decreased thyroid function (hypothyroidism) or adrenal glands is difficult to diagnose, but it can also be one of the reasons why people catch a cold.
A person can easily exclude most of these factors. Exercising, lack of bad habits, healthy nutrition and clothing according to the weather will help to avoid a critical decline in immunity.
Due to the low immunity, the body is not able to independently deal with common colds. Therefore, a person is chased by frequent SARS and ARI. As a result, it is required to constantly use potent drugs that further reduce immunity.
Because of this, allergic reactions and autoimmune diseases - multiple sclerosis, joint pain, Crohn's disease or Liebman-Sachs disease (systemic lupus erythematosus) may occur.
Signs of Immunity
Weak immunity can be independently determined by the following signs:
- frequent headaches:
- muscle and joint pain
- constant fatigue and weakness
- pale, painful skin
- bags under the eyes
- dry lifeless hair
- hair loss,
- brittle nails
- cold treatment takes up to two weeks,
- the disease proceeds without an increase in body temperature,
- gastrointestinal problems,
- low-grade fever,
- chronic infections
- fungal diseases.
If you begin to periodically notice such symptoms at home, then it is advisable for you to visit a doctor. The specialist will help you choose the appropriate ways to increase immunity.
Ways to strengthen the immune system
The question of how to increase immunity is asked by many. Raising the activity of the immune system is not an easy task, which will require considerable effort and patience from you.
The attending physician or professional immunologist will help to alleviate the problem by eliminating the malfunction on the right site of the immune system. Self-medication, as a rule, only leads to a worsening of the situation and new diseases.
Significantly strengthen the immune system will help sports. With active movement, the speed of blood circulation increases, helping to eliminate toxins from the body. However, as with hardening, one should know the measure, draw up a training program based on the age and capabilities of the body.
Long loads (more than 1.5 hours) increase the susceptibility to disease by 72 hours after class. Therefore, the principles of regularity, proportionality and gradualism must be observed.
Special medicines based on natural medicinal herbs, if used correctly, will help boost immunity. These include aloe extract, ginseng, Echinacea tincture, golden root, Eleutherococcus, Schisandra chinensis, Rhodiola rosea, Hawthorn and Kalanchoe.
In addition, often with a decrease in immunity, doctors prescribe drugs of animal and microbial origin, as well as all kinds of interferon inducers.
It should be remembered that such drugs often have side effects. Therefore, taking them without urgent need and on their own is not recommended.
If you notice that you have colds often and for a long time, first consult with specialists. After the examination, they will prescribe an individual course of treatment.
At the same time, do not forget about a healthy lifestyle, sports, proper nutrition. It is worth refraining from bad habits - smoking and alcohol reduce the general resistance of your body to diseases. Following these principles, you can live life to the fullest and forget what constant colds are every month.
9. Instead of lemons, eat fish more often
Taking vitamin C sometimes reduces the duration of the disease, but does not affect the frequency and severity of acute respiratory viral infections. Most vitamin C is not found in lemon, but in sweet pepper, sea buckthorn, kiwi and blackcurrant. But vitamin D deficiency disrupts the immune system.The best way to get this vitamin is to eat seafood, fish and some seaweed.
It's important to know: do not rely on dietary supplements containing vitamins - their effectiveness has not been proven. Vitamin D is produced in the sun, but long exposure to the sun is dangerous, so it's best to get it from food.
8. Get rid of antibacterial soap
The first protective barrier of the body is the skin and mucous membranes. Millions of bacteria peacefully coexist here: on almost clean hands there will be more of them than on a regular sponge for dishes. In order for the pathogen to enter, it is necessary to break the barrier, upsetting the balance. Smoking, drinking alcohol and touching dirty hands to the face negatively affect the skin and mucous membranes.
Avoid antibacterial soaps and other products containing triclosan. It not only kills bacteria, but also destroys your protective barrier, affects the reproductive system, causes antibiotic resistance.
7. Do not wear smoked clothing
Everyone knows about the dangers of smoking, but few have heard that it increases the number of harmful mutations in the body, which often leads to the appearance of cancer cells, which the immune system does not have time to cope with. Passive smoking also leads to asthma, respiratory infections, lung cancer, stroke and heart attack.
There is a concept of tertiary smoking, when the remnants of smoke are absorbed into clothing, hair and skin, penetrating inside and poisoning the body as well as second-hand smoke.
6. Do not buy vitamins without a doctor’s prescription
Do not prescribe vitamin complexes to strengthen your immunity. This can be a serious health hazard. It is much healthier to eat fresh vegetables and fruits. The real lack of vitamins is a rare phenomenon that only a doctor will determine, and only he can prescribe the right course of treatment, which includes vitamin complexes, a special diet and a special regimen.
It's important to know: if every winter you suffer from colds, you are all right. There are about 200 respiratory viruses, they often mutate, although you encounter many in childhood, tempering immunity. If the child is sick 2 times a month, this is the norm.
5. Get vaccinated. But in advance
A vaccine is the best way to introduce immunity to a pathogen and teach it how to fight by producing antibodies. Usually weakened or killed viruses are used for this. Some vaccinations need to be repeated because viruses mutate. Side effects are possible, but vaccination is the best way to avoid serious harm to health and life.
It's important to know: It is strongly recommended that pregnant women, people over 65, and children under 5 years of age receive an annual flu shot in September-October.
4. Be optimistic
Science has proven the negative effects of stress on the functioning of all body systems. To achieve harmony in the soul, do not accumulate negative emotions in yourself, sleep for 6-8 hours from 23:00 to 7:00, tune in to positive thinking. If you have insomnia, consult a doctor - insomnia significantly interferes with the proper functioning of the immune system. Learn to relax your body during daily meditation.
It's important to know: people who have a positive outlook on life are less likely to get sick and recover faster.
3. Treat all chronic diseases
It is difficult for the body to live in a state of chronic disease, for example, if you have untreated caries. The body is trying to recover, it takes forces that undermine the immune system. If at this moment a dangerous pathogen enters, the immune system can not cope with it.
It's important to know: systems in the body have the property of self-regulation and are connected with each other. Long-term disturbances in the functioning of the nervous, endocrine and other systems affect the body's defense and can lead to immunodeficiency, which is difficult to treat, because there is no quick way to strengthen the immune system.
2. Help your loved ones recover
Follow a few rules so as not to get infected from someone at home, but to help them cope with the disease:
- Offer the patient to use a personal cup, devices, plates, a towel, a toothbrush.
- If possible, select one room where only the patient will be, and ventilate it more often, even if it is –20 ° C outside.
- Get a bactericidal lamp to kill bacteria and mold spores indoors thanks to ultraviolet radiation. She is needed in the room where the patient is located with already weakened immunity.
- If you are forced to sleep in the same bed as a sick person, lie down with a jack and cover yourself with different blankets.
1. If you get sick, do not stop the body from getting sick
No need to go to work, infecting all the people you meet and risking complications. When it comes to SARS, know: our body will heal itself, just do not overload it with work. Rinse your nose with saline, drink plenty of fluids, such as fruit drinks and fruit drinks, and call the therapist at home. Knock down the temperature only if it is above 39 ° C.
It's important to know: no need to take antibiotics, probiotics, sorbents, antihistamines and antiviral drugs just for prevention. They do not affect the ability to become infected with SARS, but they will cause the body to spend energy on processing excess chemistry.
How to strengthen the immune system
- Flu shot. You can protect yourself from the flu virus for a whole year by vaccinating. However, worry about it before the onset of seasonal diseases, because immunity to the vaccine is developed in about two weeks.
- Do not smoke. Lead a healthy lifestyle.
- Eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables (especially onions and garlic), whole grains, and low in saturated fats.
- Exercise regularly.
- Walk a lot in the fresh air, often leave the city.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Monitor your blood pressure.
- If you drink alcohol, drink only in moderation.
- Sleep enough. Always sleep in a completely dark room to maximize the production of melatonin (this substance contributes to a high quality of sleep).
- Take measures to avoid infections (wash your hands more often) and try not to be in the same room with sick people.
- Take drugs that produce interferon in the body, as well as herbal tinctures to increase immunity (echinacea, eleutherococcus, rhodiola rosea, ginseng).
- Less stress. Prolonged and severe psychological stress increases the risk of colds and other viral diseases.
- Take multivitamins
Vitamins and minerals allow the body to defend itself against viruses and help strengthen immunity.
- Vitamin A. Experts have long known that vitamin A plays an important role in the fight against infections. Vitamin A deficiency is associated with impaired immunity, increases the risk of developing infectious diseases.
- Vitamin B2. There is some evidence that vitamin B2 increases resistance to bacterial infections.
- Vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 deficiency worsens the ability of lymphocytes to counteract infections. Supplementation with moderate doses of this vitamin restores immune function.
- Vitamins C, D, E. They also strengthen the immune system and allow the body to resist bacteria and viruses.
- Zinc. Zinc is a trace element necessary for the normal functioning of the cells of the immune system.