The substances that provoke cancer surround us everywhere, and the notorious “chemistry” has nothing to do with it: studies show that plant compounds can also be carcinogens.
However, don’t be afraid: many of the products included in the WHO list cause cancer, are not so dangerous: often we do not use them in quantities sufficient to cause real damage.
But nevertheless, there are definitely harmful, but widespread substances, the use of which should be minimized or eliminated altogether.
The World Health Organization has published a report on the relationship between ethyl alcohol and cancer. The data are not encouraging: a passion for drinking increases the likelihood of developing seven types of cancer at once: the colon and rectum, breast, esophagus, larynx, liver, oral cavity and throat.
The fact is that alcohol breakdown products cause liver cells to update faster than usual, thereby increasing the likelihood of errors when copying genes. This process is especially dangerous if you smoke.
2. Food made from plastic dishes
In 2013, WHO published a report describing about 800 chemicals that are contained in plastic and destroy the endocrine system. The US National Institute of Health Ecology advised using containers made from neutral materials - glass, stainless steel or ceramics - to store and heat products.
Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg has called for a ban on food grade plastic. The reason for this concern of scientists and politicians around the world in chemical compounds that are released from plastic when heated and can trigger the development of cancer.
To protect yourself, never drink hot drinks from plastic cups, and do not heat food in containers, and generally reduce the amount of plastic dishes at home and in the office to a minimum.
3. Cigarettes and vapes
You most likely have heard about the connection between smoking and lung cancer for many, many years. The Ministry of Health does not tire of warning us that tobacco dependence is the main cause of this terrible disease.
But the data from new studies may surprise you: it turns out that benzene, polonium-210, benzopyrene and nitrosamines are found in cigarettes, which affect the body’s ability to protect itself from other types of cancer. Once in the blood, carcinogens spread throughout the body, endangering not only the lungs, but also the kidneys, liver, digestive system, bladder and other organs.
As for electronic cigarettes, a new study by scientists at New York University casts doubt on the established notion of vaping as a practically safe alternative to tobacco.
Biologists for three months studied the effect on mice of a pair of electronic cigarettes containing nicotine. As a result, the “vaperiva mice” showed significantly more DNA damage in the cells of the heart, lungs and bladder compared to rodents “without bad habits”.
Human cells were studied in a similar way, which also, under the influence of steam, mutated into cancer cells much faster than expected. The authors of the study suggested that vapor from electronic cigarettes contains carcinogens, and vapers are more likely to get cancer than non-smokers.
There are a number of studies that claim that e-cigarette vapor contains 97% less carcinogens than regular smoke. However, if we compare vaping not from smokers, but with ordinary people, the level of hazardous substances that they receive is still much higher.
4. Red meat products
In 2015, thermally processed meat was included in the category of carcinogens of the first type. According to scientists, harmful substances are released during prolonged heating of meat, especially when frying or grilling. Moreover, the longer it takes to cook, the more dangerous it becomes.
It is worth noting that an unambiguous relationship between meat consumption and cancer has not yet been established, but a number of studies show that seizure by sausages, sausages, taverns, etc. increases the risk of certain types of cancer, in particular the pancreas and prostate. Therefore, WHO advises to limit yourself to 70 grams of processed red meat per day.
1. French fries, chips
Acrylamide Threat Level:
Acrylamide is a chemical that is used, for example, to strengthen the soil during construction, and it can also lurk in french fries, chips and even donuts. “When carbohydrate-rich foods are cooked at high temperatures, the amino acid asparagine reacts with sugar to form acrylamide,” says toxicologist Timothy Fennell. Crispy potatoes - everything, wait for mutations in the DNA.
Protect your cells “Fry the fries yourself, try to use the lowest cooking temperature that is possible at all,” Fennell advises. “And don't overcook the product.” And if you hold already peeled potatoes in water for 2 hours before cooking, this will reduce the formation of acrylamide by as much as 50%.
2. Brown rice
Arsenic was once in the arsenal of any self-respecting medieval assassin. And today it is stored in your kitchen cabinet. A study published in the journal Consumer Reports (USA) showed that rice is the main source of arsenic in your diet, and brown contains more of this toxic semimetal than white. Arsenic disables the DNA recovery system in your body, which opens the way for mutations that cause cancer.
Protect your cells Rinse rice before cooking (water should drain). And buy a bigger pot: use a water to rice ratio of at least 6 to 1 instead of the usual 2 to 1. If you eat in restaurants, limit yourself to two servings of rice per week.
3. Washing powder
Your laundry detergent removes stains from clothes, but leaves a toxic chemical behind. In 2011, scientists from one of the environmental groups discovered 1,4-dioxane in powder. The relationship of this chemical with cancer in humans has not yet been proven, but in rats it causes liver tumors. Even worse, 1,4-dioxane is not indicated on the labels, as it is an impurity, not an ingredient.
Protect your cells Learn to read the composition indicated on the packet of powder: “polyethylene glycol”, PEG, “polyethylene oxide” or the words containing “oxynol” or “et” indicate that there may be dioxane inside.
4. Clothing made of crumple
Formaldehyde is used for long-term storage of corpses, and they are also treated with fabrics so that they do not need to be ironed after washing. The dead do not care, but the living should beware: there is evidence of nasopharyngeal tumors due to formaldehyde.
Protect your cells Minimize the contact of such tissue with the skin, go to clothes that require an iron and work with your hands. But if you are so attached to non-creasing suit shirts, at least wash them before first use. Even one wash cycle reduces formaldehyde emissions from the fabric by 60%.
5. Electronic cigarettes
It's amazing how electronic cigarettes look like regular ones - some can even increase the risk of cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has discovered nitro-zamines - a carcinogen found in tobacco products - in electronic cigarettes from some brands. The Directorate also insists that nitrates and nitrites from processed meats (sausages, stews and other yummy foods of this kind) can also be converted to nitrosamines in contact with gastric juice.
Protect your cells If you smoke, quit, and quickly, once and for all. A study by the University of Wisconsin showed that smokers who quit gradually are more likely to return to addiction than those who quit in one fell swoop. Well, do not eat sausages in huge quantities - it’s better to cook yourself a steak with blood.
6. Plastic dishes and food containers
Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg called for a general ban on food grade plastic as non-degradable. We add one more argument for the ban: styrene, chemical trash that can stand out from plastic when heated. As stated in the report of the US National Toxicology Program, there is “reasonable concern” about this substance that it is a carcinogen in humans.
Protect your cells Do not drink hot drinks from plastic cups. Do not reheat food in polystyrene containers, especially oily foods, which can leach styrene. How to find out that plastic containers contain polystyrene? Look at the bottom of the marking: if in the stylized triangle with arrows there is the number 6, then this is it.
What are carcinogens?
"Carcinogen" in Latin means "giving birth to cancer." Therefore, under this term combined all the factors that provoke and accelerate the approximation of this diagnosis. Carcinogens are able to turn normal cells into malignant, damaging DNA. Moreover, the cells are damaged in such a way that they maintain the function of division, and by doing this they reproduce similar malignant ones. This is how a tumor forms.
The body has mechanisms that must fight the multiplication of cancer cells, but carcinogens block them too. There are already 120 known carcinogens known to be dangerous to humans and bringing cancer closer. Among the carcinogens, there are also x-rays.
Alexander Sazhenin, oncologist: “X-rays are radioactive, they can cause various oncological diseases, such as leukemia, breast cancer, sarcomas. In this regard, fluorography, X-ray examinations cannot be used more often than once a year. "
What foods and drinks have the most carcinogens?
Ethanol is contained in alcohol, and the carcinogen acetaldehyde is the product of its oxidation. In addition, in the gastrointestinal tract, nitrosamines can be converted into the most dangerous carcinogens by nitrates. Nitrates are compounds that actively fertilize the soil so that fruits and vegetables grow faster and more. Nitrates are found mainly in vegetables. In "greenhouse" vegetables and greens, there is usually much more nitrate than in grown in the open ground.
Marinating and pickling dramatically accelerate the formation of carcinogens. And in the sausage of nitrates, which give it an appetizing color, even more than in vegetables.
Marina Chernova, oncologist: “The most carcinogenic products that are used daily in our lives are sausages, sausages, sausages, smoked sausages, semi-finished meat products and canned meat, the use of which threatens our people with the development of malignant tumors.”
To avoid carcinogens, do not lean on red meat. A substance called "heme" made of the fibers of red meat, entering the body, turns into compounds that damage the intestines and provoke colon cancer.
Smoked foods may contain the carcinogen benzpyrene. But bread, cereals, nuts and seeds can be affected by imperceptible mold, which secretes mycotokines, among which the most destructive aflotaxin. Potato chips contain the carcinogen acrylamide.
Where else are carcinogens
A carcinogen of the first hazard class benzene is found in gasoline. Also, a huge amount of carcinogens is released when burning plastic, including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ammonium, hydrogen cyanide, isoprene and acetone. All these are dioxins, which of all carcinogens are the most persistent and dangerous. The lethally dangerous dose of dioxin is 100 times less than that of combat toxic gases, sarin and soman. Also a proven carcinogen factor is an excess of ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, to avoid carcinogens, do not get involved in tanning.
How to protect yourself from carcinogens
First of all, you need to store products correctly. Only as indicated on the package, and no longer. And throw them away at the first sign of damage. Also no need to trim the mold on the loaf. Its appearance means that the whole loaf is already poisoned with toxic carcinogens. If the vegetable has rotted only on one side, you also need to get rid of it.
Excess weight is also a carcinogenic factor, because it is in adipose tissue that hormones and proteins are produced that promote cellular mutations. It is also worth minimizing the amount of alcohol and cigarettes in the smoke of which there are almost 40 different types of carcinogens.
Everyone knows about the harm of alcohol and its destructive effect on the body. And oncology can also be the result of its excessive use. Researchers have proven that our liver cells regenerate much faster than usual because of alcohol. This means that an error may occur in copying genes. In addition, alcohol abuse increases the likelihood of developing seven types of oncology: oral cavity, throat, larynx, mammary gland, esophagus, liver, rectum and colon.
Food in a plastic bowl
Pay attention not only to what you eat, but also what you eat from.
Therefore, try to heat and store food containers made of materials such as glass, ceramic or stainless steel. Do not drink coffee from plastic cups and do not put lunch in the microwave in the container.
Cigarettes and vapes
Everyone knows that cigarette smoking leads to lung cancer. But scientists also found that they contain substances that reduce the body's ability to defend itself against other types of cancer. Thus, the digestive system, liver, kidneys, bladder and other organs are at risk.
Note that the harm from cigarettes is certainly much stronger and more destructive. So the safest way is to quit smoking altogether.
Thermally processed meat is a carcinogen of the first type. Harmful substances are released during prolonged heating, especially when frying or grilling. And the longer it takes to cook, the more harm the body does.
We also note that excessive consumption of various sausages, ham and sausages increases the chances of developing certain types of cancer. So processed red meat is also worth limiting. On the recommendation of the World Health Organization, the daily norm should not exceed 70 grams.