Good afternoon, dear readers! Dorado fish (Corifena, Golden Sapphire or Redfin) is a fairly popular and common marine fish, but few people know how it is useful for the body, how to cook it properly.
I’ll tell you about this in this article in great detail and in order!
Dorado: what kind of fish, where it is found and how it looks
Dorado - belongs to the family of twin fish, lives mainly in the Mediterranean Sea and in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. More recently (in the late 90s) it was seen off the coast of Crimea.
Corifena is known and popular for a very long time, even in ancient Rome, dorado meat was highly valued. In Malta, the fangs of this fish were inserted into rings by jewelers and sold like snake teeth with magical properties.
In the Mediterranean countries, coryffen dishes are considered festive and are very popular, especially among tourists. In Malta, in fish restaurants, they bake it whole, and they also cook delicious cakes.
Among gourmets and big admirers of this fish, the most appreciated are copies of no more than 40 cm in size, fried in a pan or baked in the oven only with the whole head.
Dorado is grown artificially in France, Turkey, Greece, Italy. To make the fish really tasty and healthy, it is bred in enclosed spaces with special conditions that mimic the seasons.
In appearance, Redfin has an almost oval body with a blunt head and flattened sides, a very long dorsal fin and a distinct caudal.
Very beautiful silver scales, fins with a slight pink tint. Between the eyes there is a bright yellow stripe, and on the tail there is a brown spot that disappears after the death of the fish.
On a note! Dorado belongs to the group of percussion and the family of pair (crucian carp), but is not a sea bass!
Dorado in the wild
Dorado: chemical composition
The advantage of this fish is its unique chemical composition. Of the vitamins can be distinguished - Vitamin A, B vitamins (B1, B2, B5, B9, B12) and Vitamin PP.
Of the minerals, crucian carp is valued because of its high content of calcium, zinc, selenium and copper, but most of all iodine, which makes this fish the most useful for pregnant women, children and the elderly.
Dorado can be attributed to low-calorie foods, so in 100 gr. meat contains only 95 kcal.
- Fried - 103 kcal
- On the grid - 90.8 kcal
- Baked in the oven without oil 96 kcal
- Baked in the oven with butter - 109 kcal
BZHU on 100 gr. - Proteins (19.9 gr.), Fats (1.3 gr.), Carbohydrates (0).
On a note: Dorado can be consumed 2-3 times a week, it is digested in the human body for a little more than three hours.
Fresh dorado carcasses
Dorado: benefits and beneficial properties
1. The fish has a lot of meat and very few bones.
2. Low calorie content and a sufficient amount of protein allows you to include dishes from corifenas for weight loss.
3. The presence of polyunsaturated fatty acids has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system.
4. It is recommended for the prevention of atherosclerosis and the normalization of blood cholesterol.
5. Potassium strengthens the nervous system, heart muscles and normalizes blood pressure.
6. Iodine helps to normalize the thyroid gland.
7. Iron is essential for the prevention of anemia.
8. Zinc is needed to strengthen immunity.
9. Crucian carp can be used for pancreatitis only in boiled form or steam cutlets no more than twice a week.
Dorado for pregnant and lactating women
The use of dorado during pregnancy will only benefit both the body of the woman and her unborn child, and it is not worth worrying here about overeating.
A large number of vitamins and minerals will bring more benefits, but no harm. It is best to eat fish boiled, baked or stewed.
But when breastfeeding, it is necessary to introduce such a product in small portions (preferably in boiled form), so as not to provoke an allergic reaction to the sea, the product in the baby, and beatings in the tummy or colic may also occur.
Dorado for children
Such a product can be given to children only from 11 months, but first try a small piece the size of a teaspoon rug and you can gradually increase the serving to 90 grams.
There are a lot of meat in the dorado, but there are also bones, so carefully clean the fillet so that the child does not choke on a small bone.
If you follow the figure, strive to lose weight, constantly sit on different diets, then such a dietary fish like red crucian must be in your diet.
The absence of carbohydrates, a large amount of protein and a minimum of fats contribute to a good saturation of the body, and vitamins and minerals will enrich the body with useful substances, while maintaining a feeling of satiety for a long time.
Fried with vegetables
How to make a delicious dorado
The most useful way to cook crucian carp is steamed, with this method the fish retains a maximum of vitamins, micro and macro elements. It turns out very tasty, juicy and healthy if you bake it in the oven in foil.
Moreover, in order to preserve the maximum juiciness, tenderness and unique taste in meat, dorado is not necessary for a long time. The Greeks prefer to cook this fish on the grill, bake in the oven in salt or in potatoes.
If you want to cook it in a frying pan, then it is best to do it in some sauce of white dry wine, then the fish will be juicy. Dorado goes well with potatoes, any vegetables and rice.
Piquancy to taste can be added with simple parsley, thyme or rosemary. Try and experiment!
I recommend to try:
Dorado: how to choose and store
There are two types of dorado - royal and gray. Royal fish meat is more tender.
1. When choosing, pay attention to the eyes, they should be moist, convex and bright.
2. The gills are red and clear.
3. The carcass of the fish should be smooth, dense, moist, shiny, smell like the sea. When pressing on the carcass, the dent should smooth out quickly.
4. In stores, dorado is often sold chilled in ice crumbs, with this method of purchase you can easily check the quality of the product.
5. If you do not plan to cook immediately, then after the purchase, the carcass must be gutted, washed, put in a bag and sent to the freezer. The shelf life of such a product in frozen form is up to three months.
Freshly caught fish
Dorado: harm and contraindications
1. This fish has no special contraindications, except for individual intolerance or allergy to seafood. If you are trying this fish for the first time, start with a small portion.
2. The disadvantage is the high price for a carcass, it can even be called inadequate, so such a fish is not available for every buyer.
3. The presence of small bones can also be attributed to shortcomings, which does not allow without special care to give the meat of this fish to small children.
What kind of fish, where is it found?
The habitat of dorada is the eastern waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Less commonly, it can be found off the coast of Crimea in the Black Sea basin. In Spain, Greece, the Hawaiian and Caribbean islands, this fish is served at the festive table and treat tourists.
The Romans knew how to artificially grow it back in ancient times, using for these purposes equipped pools and closed backwaters with salt water. In the 80s of the last century, Turkey, Greece, Spain mastered farm breeding. In artificial conditions, fish is fed with special food in pellets; in the natural environment, the predator feeds on algae, fry, mollusks and crustaceans.
The life cycle of a dorado is 11 years, during this period it grows to 75-80 cm and gains weight up to 20 kg. Such specimens are considered captured, they are quite difficult to catch. The fish has a recognizable appearance. The oval body is flattened on the sides, there is a sharp bend on the head, several sharp jagged scales over the eyes, and between them there is a golden crescent-shaped trace. Dark spots are visible above the gills on both sides. The upper jaw is noticeably longer than the lower, the mouth is narrow with full lips. The torso and head are covered with silver-gray scales with a greenish tint inherent only to living individuals. Brown blotches from the dorsal fin also disappear posthumously. The tail is framed by a dark stripe.
The spawning period is from early October to late December. At this time, the fish descends to a depth of 150 meters, in the remaining months, it prefers to be at the level of 10-30 m. Only males appear, which, upon reaching the age of two, transform into females.
Fishing species of dorado:
The fillet is white, but in the royal, it is with a pale pink tint. The meat is tender and juicy, with a dense structure and a delicate aroma. Due to its valuable mineral composition, fish has useful qualities:
- Increases skin firmness.
- Beneficial effect on male reproductive function, increasing sperm production and motility.
- Stimulates the production of thyroid hormones.
- Strengthens joints and bone tissue, prevents tooth decay.
- Accelerates the metabolism.
- Promotes the timely transmission of nerve impulses.
- Provides blood supply to the brain and peripheral tissues.
- It removes toxins and eliminates the accumulation of toxins.
- Normalizes digestion.
- Stabilizes glucose levels.
- Helps to lose those extra pounds.
- Reduces the risk of cognitive impairment.
- Promotes muscle growth in athletes.
- Gives strength and shine to hair.
- Allows you to maintain visual acuity.
Dorado should be consumed with severe overwork and stress to restore lost energy and improve mood.
Pregnant and lactating
There is not a single gram of mercury and other heavy metals in dorada meat; therefore, during pregnancy, fish will only benefit and do no harm.
Eating 200-300 g of fillet per day, the expectant mother will receive the whole complex of necessary minerals and vitamins. With systematic use, a woman's nervousness decreases, gas formation decreases. In addition, micro and macro elements in fish contribute to the correct, timely development of the skeleton and neural tube of the fetus.
When breastfeeding, dorado is allowed to be consumed. But first you need to find out if the child is allergic to the product. To do this, just eat 100 g of fillet. If during the day the baby is not covered with a rash, red spots, his temperature does not rise, then there are no contraindications.
Lactating women benefit from steamed, stewed or baked fish.
Dorado meat is included in lure for 10-11 years of the baby's life. All bones are easily removed from the fillet, thereby they will not harm the child. It is better to chop the pulp with a blender.
In the first month of feeding, give 0.5 teaspoon per day and gradually increase to 80-100 g.
Fish contributes to the full development of the brain, reduces emotional excitability.
Some diseases have a strict dietary restriction. Consider cases when you can include dorada fish in the patient’s diet.
With inflammation of the pancreas, the intake of fats and carbohydrates is minimized. The body needs as much as possible easily digestible animal protein, which is rich in dorado.
Steamed or boiled fish is suitable for the diet. To diversify the diet, it is baked with vegetables without the addition of oil.
Dorado with pancreatitis can be consumed every day, since it refers to foods with the lowest fat content. You need to eat in small portions - 70-150 g several times a day.
Diabetes and hyperglycemia
The ability to influence blood sugar gives the dorado an advantage over other fish species.
With a content of more than 6 mmol / L of glucose in blood serum, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, low-calorie protein foods are included in everyday nutrition.
White meat normalizes the patient's condition and saturates the cells with the necessary nutrients.
Coronary artery disease
People who systematically eat dorado are less likely to suffer from coronary heart disease. The minerals contained in the fish fillet control coronary blood flow and provide proper nutrition of the myocardium with oxygen.
Calorie content and composition
There are no carbohydrates in the dorado pulp, but the composition includes essential fatty acids and chemical elements for life.
100 g of fish contains:
- sulfur - 12 mg
- potassium - 460 mg
- phosphorus - 143 mg,
- calcium - 15 mg
- magnesium - 30 mg
- sodium 88 mg
- copper - 40 mcg,
- selenium - 36.5 mcg,
- zinc - 6.7 mg
- iron - 0.9 mg
- Manganese - 20,
- iodine - 65 mcg.
Vitamin composition per 100 g:
- Niacin equivalent (PP) - 9.55 mg.
- Niacin (PP) - 6.1 mg.
- Retinol (A) - 0.054 mg.
- Thiamine (B1) - 20 mcg.
- Riboflavin (B2) - 70 mcg.
- Pantothenic acid (B5) - 750 mcg.
- Pyridoxine (B6) - 400 mcg.
- Folic acid (B9) - 5 mcg.
Nutritional value per 100 g:
- water - 77.5 g
- fats - 1.8 g
- proteins - 18.5 g
- cholesterol - 73 mg.
Baked fish with herbs and vegetables, stewed in tomato, boiled and grilled. Dorado is allowed to eat even raw.