Zucchini is a widespread bush variety of pumpkin, an annual vegetable plant. The birthplace of the vegetable marrow is South America, or rather the foothills of the Andes. Zucchini later spread throughout South and Central America, and then migrated to North America. Zucchini treatment has been used for 2,000 years or more.
In the Old World, in Europe, Columbus brought pumpkin seeds and squash. Initially, they were grown as a decoration of botanical gardens. The Italians were the first to think of eating zucchini, appreciating the taste qualities of these vegetables.
Indeed, ripe zucchini is covered with delicate skin of yellow, green or white color and looks very appetizing. When fully ripened, their skin becomes woody and acquires a cream or light yellow color. Zucchini, unlike pumpkins, contains less sugar, but is richer in vitamin C and minerals.
Knowledgeable people actively use zucchini in diet food - they contain little fiber, and therefore little irritate the intestines and stomach. Their nutritional and dietary value is associated with the presence of easily digestible carbohydrates, vitamins, and mineral salts in the pulp of unripe green fruits. In addition, they contain very little fiber in their composition, so they slightly irritate the stomach and intestines. In terms of vitamin C content, zucchini is much richer than apples and plums.
Zucchini has the same delicate fiber as tomato and pumpkin, so they are easily absorbed by the body. Zucchini have the ability to bind toxic substances, and then remove them from the body. They are distinguished by antiallergic action, contribute to better intestinal motility.
As the fruits ripen, the sugar and carotene content in them increases. Zucchini, with a yellow peel, even carrots can exceed the content of carotene. Of the mineral salts, there are especially many in potassium marrows, they are also a valuable source of copper in the body.
Zucchini contain specific enzymes that promote the transfer of protein into a soluble state, which is especially important for people with a sick liver. Zucchini treatment removes from the body the harmful substances formed during digestion, as well as the separation of bile.
The effective spectrum of zucchini is very wide. They protect a person from many diseases, including gout, sclerosis, premature aging of the body, and due to the high content of potassium in the fruits, they are very useful for those who have edema.
Zucchini as a medicine
For therapeutic purposes, zucchini use everything: pulp, juice, seeds, peel. The most valuable are young zucchini up to Peel, it is not recommended to cut them off, since it contains many biochemical active substances. Their flesh is consumed raw, steamed and boiled.
Zucchini have an active diuretic effect, contribute to the excretion of water and sodium chloride from the body. They are very useful for urolithiasis, gout and other metabolic disorders. Juice of zucchini has a calming effect and improves sleep, and a decoction of flowers is used in the treatment of purulent wounds.
It is believed that dietary fiber contained in zucchini is an effective preventive measure against malignant tumors of the rectum.
Zucchini is not nutritious, but gives the impression of saturation. Therefore, they must be included in the diet for obese people. And since fiber removes excess cholesterol from the body, treatment with zucchini for patients with atherosclerosis. Therefore, zucchini is the best food for the elderly and the elderly.
The fruits of zucchini are rich in pectin substances that protect the intestines from damage and contribute to its healing. They are also recommended for heart and vascular diseases.
Zucchini seeds contain a lot of fat - up to 50% by weight of the kernel, they are also rich in vitamin E. They also contain santonin, an effective anthelmintic. Therefore, fried zucchini seeds are very widely used for these purposes.
Zucchini in cosmetology
Zucchini find their application in cosmetology. For example, the pulp and juice of zucchini perfectly help when caring for dry and rough skin, perfectly smoothing wrinkles.
To do this, 2 tablespoons of finely grated squash should be mixed with 1 tablespoon of Hercules and applied in the form of a mask on the face for 20 minutes. Then wipe the face with a cotton swab dipped in unboiled milk.
You can make a squash mask in another way. To do this, grind 1 yolk, add 1 tablespoon of squash juice to it and apply on the face in the form of a mask for 20 minutes. Then remove it, wipe the face with a swab moistened first with warm and then cold water.
Zucchini, relatives of zucchini, enjoy increased interest among gardeners today. Zucchini is from Italy. They are fruitful and precocious.
Zucchini have high taste and dietary qualities due to the presence of easily digestible carbohydrates and vitamin B in their fruits.1, B2C nicotinic acid and carotene. Zucchini seeds contain a large amount of vitamin E and proteins. When the fruits ripen, the amount of sugar and carotene in them increases. Zucchini helps improve digestion and remove harmful substances from the body. They are especially useful for liver diseases.
Patisson is a close relative of zucchini. It is less productive and precocious than zucchini, but significantly surpasses it in taste and has a pleasant mushroom flavor.
Especially useful and delicious are the young fruits of squash. No wonder nutritionists recommend eating squash for liver, kidney, peptic ulcer, atherosclerosis.
Due to the presence of a large number of vitamins, easily digestible carbohydrates, pectin and alkaline mineral salts, squash promotes better absorption of protein foods and the maintenance of an alkaline blood reaction.
Squash is useful for hypertension, is a good diuretic. And squash seeds are very rich in fat, which contains a lot of vitamin E.
Eat zucchini, squash and zucchini and be healthy!
Why are zucchini and pumpkins being pollinated and how to avoid this?
If these plants are planted on one bed, then ... nothing will happen: good fruits will grow. But if you collect seeds from them, then next year, cabbage pumpkins and pumpkin pumpkins will grow. For some reason, they turn out worse than normal. That is, not sweet squash, but tasteless thick-skinned small pumpkins will grow. Therefore, the first rule of a gardener, if he is going to keep his seeds: do not plant these relatives close. In order not to cause pollination, you need to grow pumpkins and squash (and their different varieties) at a far distance, ideally 80-100 m, that is, in neighboring fields. But in practice, the distance can be much less, 10-20 meters. Since summer residents do not even have such an opportunity, it is better not to collect their own seeds, but to buy every year. In this case, you can plant seedlings very close, even in neighboring beds. So it’s not necessary to know in advance what is growing: the fruits will grow - look. And if the seeds of pollinated freaks are sown, then you will not know. So you should not buy pumpkin seedlings, because you can easily be deceived. Nevertheless, certain signs that distinguish seedlings exist. So if you have sown normal, not pollinated seeds and cups with seedlings messed up, that is, hope to distinguish similar plants.
Need to grow pumpkins and zucchini over a long distance
Signs by which you can distinguish seedlings of pumpkins and zucchini
- When the first cotyledon leaves appear, you need to pay attention to their shape. They repeat the shape of the seeds. In pumpkins, seeds are always rounder and larger than in zucchini, in which the seeds are more elongated. The cotyledon leaves will be the same.
- Zucchini seedlings require better lighting. Therefore, if the plants are nearby, the seedlings of zucchini will look more elongated and lighter than that of pumpkins, as well as weaker. At a young age, it looks more like seedlings of cucumbers.
- Planted at the same time pumpkin seedlings will be larger and more powerful than zucchini seedlings.
- The leaves of the zucchini are smaller and more dissected, especially strongly cut in the zucchini, and in the pumpkin the leaves are more rounded, lobed.
- Some zucchini varieties, especially zucchini, have yellow or white silvery spots on the leaves. This is not a disease, but a varietal trait. In pumpkins, such spots are rare.
- All pumpkins let out long lashes, and vegetable marrows almost always grow in a bush. But this symptom does not appear in seedlings.
- Plants have similar flowers: yellow, less often white, funnel-shaped. In pumpkins, they are more, since the more powerful the whole plant.
- The arrangement of flowers in plants is different: they are pumpkin distributed along the main stem, and in zucchini they grow from the middle of the bush.
- The fruits are also located. Seedlings have no fruits, but if the gardener could not determine what he grows at the seedlings stage, then you can try to at least correctly determine what kind of fruits he has. Pumpkin fruit is round and orange. And the zucchini has white, yellow, green and elongated.
- Pumpkin creepers cling to the ground and other plants with the help of antennae. In the places where the creeping stems join the ground, the plant takes extra roots. In zucchini this does not happen. Even if they do not grow bush, additional roots on the lashes are not allowed. Yes, and their whips are thinner and shorter than that of pumpkins, but still much more powerful than cucumbers.
You can try to distinguish the seedlings of pumpkins and zucchini, but not a single sign will give one hundred percent certainty that this is a pumpkin seedlings (zucchini). There are bush pumpkins and zucchini with long lashes, some pumpkins and zucchini give fruits of the same color and shape.
Not a single sign will give one hundred percent confidence that it is pumpkin seedlings (squash)