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Uncle Styopa »reading diary

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The house is eight fraction one
At the outpost of Ilyich
There was a tall citizen
Nicknamed Kalancha, By the name of Stepanov
And by the name of Stepan,
From the regional giants
The most important giant. Respected Uncle Stepa
For such a height.
Uncle Styopa came from work -
It was visible a mile away. Famously measured steps
Two huge legs:
Forty fifth
He bought boots. He was looking for in the market.
Greatest shoes
He was looking for pants
Unprecedented width. He will buy with grief in half,
Turn to the mirrors -
All tailor's work
Seams apart! He is through any fence
He looked into the courtyard from the pavement.
Barking dogs raised:
They thought that a thief was climbing. Uncle Styopa took in the dining room
For yourself a double lunch.
Uncle Styopa went to bed -
He laid his legs on a stool. He took books from a cupboard while sitting.
And more than once to him in the cinema
They said: - Sit on the floor,
You don’t care, comrade! But on the stadium
He walked for free:
Missed Uncle Stepa -
They thought the champion. From goal to goal
I knew all the people in the area,
Where does Stepanov work,
Where is it registered?
How he lives, because everyone is faster
Without special efforts
He shot the snake guys
From telegraph wires. And the one who is short,
At the parade he raised
Because everyone should
See the army of the country. Everyone loved Uncle Stepa,
Uncle Stepa respected:
He was the best friend
All the guys from all the yards. He hurries home from Arbat.
“How do you live?” The guys shout.
He sneezes - guys in unison:
"Uncle Styopa, be healthy! Uncle Styopa early in the morning
Quickly jumped up from the couch
He opened the windows wide open
He took a cold shower.
Uncle Styopa Brushing Teeth
Never forgot, man sitting in the saddle
Legs dragging on the ground -
It rides Uncle Styopa
On the boulevard on a donkey.
“You,” people shout to Stepan, “
We need to ride a camel! He rode a camel -
People choke on laughter:
“Hey, comrade, where are you from?”
You crush a camel!
To you, at your height,
You need to ride an elephant! Uncle Stepa is two minutes
Remains until the jump.
He is parachuting
And worries a little.
And below the people laugh:
The tower wants to jump from the tower! Into a shooting gallery, under a low canopy,
Uncle Styopa barely climbed.
- Let me turn,
I pay for the shots.
To this ball and to this bird
I want to take aim! Looking over the shooting range with alarm,
The cashier says in response:
- You will have to kneel,
Dear comrade, stand up -
You can target
Get a gun without a hand! Until morning in the alleys of the park
It will be fun and bright
Will the music rattle
The public will make noise. Uncle Styopa asks the box office:
- I came to the carnival.
Give me such a mask
So that no one recognizes! - It’s quite easy to recognize you, -
There is a friendly laugh, -
We recognize you by height:
You, comrade, are above all! What happened?
What a scream?
- This is a student drowning!
He fell off a cliff into a river -
Help a man!
In the eyes of the whole people
Uncle Styopa climbs into the water. - This is unusual! -
Everyone shouted to him from the bridge.—
You, comrade, knee-deep
All the deepest places! Alive, healthy and unharmed
Boy Vasya Borodin. Uncle Styopa this time
Drowning rescued. For a noble deed
Everyone thanks him.
- Ask for anything, -
They say to Uncle Stepa. - I don’t need anything -
I saved him for free! The engine is flying, buzzing,
The driver looks forward.
The driver at the stop
Kochegaru says: - From the station to the station
I made a lot of flights,
But ready to argue -
This is a new semaphore. Drive up to the semaphore.
What is this deception?
No semaphore -
Stepan stands by the way, he stands and says:
- The path is blurred here by rains.
I deliberately raised my hand -
Show that the path is closed. What kind of smoke above your head?
What kind of thunder on the pavement?
The house is burning around the corner
One hundred onlookers stand around.
Team puts stairs
The house saves from fire.
The whole attic is already on fire
Pigeons are beating in the window. In the yard in the crowd of guys
Uncle Stepa says:
- Really with the house
Will our pigeons burn? Uncle Styopa from the sidewalk
He reaches the attic.
Through the fire and smoke of the fire
His hand reaches out. He opens the window.
Fly out of the window
Eighteen Doves
And after them - a sparrow. All are grateful to Stepan:
He saved the birds, and therefore
Become a fireman immediately
Everyone advises him. But firemen in response
Says Stepanov: - No!
I’ll go to serve the fleet
If I go up, in the hallway laughter and whisper
In the corridor is a rumble of speeches.
In the office - Uncle Styopa
On examination by doctors. He is standing. Bend it down
Asks politely sister.
- We can't reach!
Doctors explain. — Everything from sight to hearing,
We will research with you:
Does the ear hear well
Does the eye see far? Uncle Stepa was examined,
Spent on scales
And they said: - In this body
My heart beats like a clock!
Growth is great, but nothing -
Let’s take him into the army! But you’re not good at tankers:
You can't fit in a tank!
And they are not suitable for infantry:
You are visible from the trench! With your height on the plane
Inconvenient to be in flight:
Feet will get tired -
You have nowhere to put them! For people like you
There are no horses
And in the Navy you are needed -
Serve for the country! - I am ready to serve the people, -
Stepin bass is heard, -
I will go to fire and water!
Send it now! Winter and summer have passed.
And again winter came.
- Uncle Styopa, how are you? Where are you?
There is no answer from the sea to us,
No postcards, no letters ... And once past the bridge
Go home eight fractions one
Unclepep growth
A citizen is moving. Who, comrades, is familiar
With this prominent sailor?
He's coming,
Snowflakes creak
He has under his heel. In the pleated uniform pants,
He is in his greatcoat under his belt.
In the woolen gloves of the hand,
Anchors glisten on it. Here a sailor approaches the house,
A stranger to all the guys.
And the guys here are him
They say: “And to whom are you?” Uncle Styopa turned around,
Raised a hand to the visor
And he answered: - I am back.
They gave a vacation to the sailor. The night did not sleep. Tired of the road.
Not used to dry legs.
I’ll rest. I will put on a tunic.
I'll sit on the couch
Come in after tea -
I’ll tell you a hundred stories! About the war and about the bombing,
About the big battleship "Marat",
As I was injured a little bit,
Defending Leningrad. And now the guys are proud -
Pioneers, October, -
What are you familiar with Uncle Stepa,
With a real sailor. He goes home from Arbat.
“How do you live?” The guys shout.
And now the name is guys
Uncle Stepa Lighthouse. Who doesn't know Uncle Stepa?
Uncle Styopa is familiar to everyone!
Everyone knows that Uncle Styopa
He used to be a sailor. How long had he lived
At the outpost of Ilyich.
And that he wore a nickname:
Uncle Styopa - Kalancha. And now among the giants,
Those that the whole country knows
Alive and healthy Stepan Stepanov -
Former naval foreman. He walks around the area.
From yard to yard
And again on him shoulder straps,
With a holster pistol. He with a cockade on his cap,
He's in his greatcoat under his belt
The national emblem glistens on a buckle -
The sun is reflected in him! He is coming from the compartment,
And some pioneer
The mouth opened in amazement:
“That's so mi-chi-o-ner!” Uncle Stepa is respected
Everything from adults to guys
Meet - with a look off
And with a smile they say: - Yes! People of this height
Meeting is not easy!
Yes! To such a fine fellow
The form is new to the face!
If you stand on a post,
Everyone will see a mile away! There’s a traffic jam near the square -
The traffic light broke:
The yellow light came on
But there’s still no green ... One hundred cars are standing, buzzing -
They want to start off.
Three, four, five minutes
They are not given access to them. Here, an employee of the ORUD
Uncle Styopa says:
- What, brother, is it bad?
The traffic light is off! From a round glass booth
A voice is heard in response:
- I, Stepanov, is not a joke!
What should I do, give advice! Stepan did not argue -
Traffic light pulled out
He looked into the middle
Something turned up somewhere ... At that very moment
The right light comes on.
Restored movement
No traffic jams! The guys told us
What Stepan has since
Kids in Moscow called:
Uncle Styopa - Traffic Light. What happened?
At the station
Crying a boy of about five.
He lost his mother in the hall.
How to find her now? All the police are calling,
And she’s right there! Uncle Styopa is slowly
Raises the baby, Raises above itself,
Above you and the crowd
High ceiling:
“Look around, son!” And the boy saw: straight,
At the pharmacy stall,
Wiping away tears mom
Lost son. Mom hears Colin's voice:
- Mother! Mother! That's where I am! -
Uncle Styopa was pleased:
“The family did not fall apart!” A student walked from school -
Well-known mischievous person.
He wanted to compete
But I didn’t know where to start. Two friends went from school -
In white aprons talkers.
In bags - books and notebooks,
And in the notebooks everything is in order. Suddenly, to meet a mischief,
In a satchel - with a deuce diary,
There is no logo on the cap
And the belt is already without a buckle. The students did not have time
To get away from him -
He pushed them right in the mud
Laughing at the pigtails. No way he offended them.
Passers-by in sight
And then I saw a tram -
Got stuck on the go.
He stood on the bandwagon with his foot,
Another waved in the air! He did not know that Uncle Styopa
Sees everything from afar.
He did not know that Uncle Styopa
He will not forgive the mischief. From the doors of the department store
Uncle Styopa - at the same moment
Took three huge steps
Across the square. On the tram
He removed the tomboy from the steps:
- Answer: where do you live?
What’s the father’s last name?
It’s not easy to argue easily. On the river there is a crack and thunder -
Ice drift and ice rinse.
Grandmother in the hole in the bed sheet.
Cracked ice - the river has gone
And the granny swam. The grandmother gasps and groans:
- Oh, my linen will drown!
Oh! I got into trouble!
Oh save! Uncle Styopa at the post -
He is on duty on the bridge. Uncle Styopa through the fog
Looks into the distance like a captain.
Sees - an ice floe. And on the ice
Grandma is crying on a basket. You can’t describe what happened here!
Uncle Styopa - hands down
Leaning over the railing,
As he hung over the abyss, he managed to grab him in an arm
Frightened grandmother
And the old woman is behind the basket:
“I won’t throw my underwear! Uncle Styopa saved her,
Both the basket and the linen. The guys walked past the building,
What's on Rebellion Square,
Suddenly they look - Stepan is standing,
Their beloved giant! Everyone froze in surprise:
- Uncle Styopa! It is you?
This is not your branch
And not your district of Moscow! Uncle Styopa trumped
Smiled, winked:
- I got an honorary post! -
And now on the pavement,
Where the house stands tall,
There is a high-altitude guard! Like a stretched scarf,
Smoothly drenched rink.
Everyone stands in the stands:
Skaters give a start, and they run in circles,
And the fans are each other
They say: - Look! Look!
The longest ahead! The longest ahead,
Number "eight" on the chest! There is one strict dad
He asked his son:
- Probably these legs
The Spartak team? ”Mom intervened in the conversation:
- These legs are at Dynamo.
It’s a pity that our Spartak
Do not catch up with them in any way! At this time they announce:
The competition is over.
Uncle Stepa is congratulated:
- Well, Stepanov! Well done! Uncle Stepoy is proud
All police of the capital:
Styopa looks down
Gets first prize. Uncle Step, as on purpose,
On duty urgently.
Who would be able along the way
A guard, one driver says
Young car enthusiast:
- Throw you to the squad
I would consider it an honor
But, unfortunately,
You can’t get into my Moskvich! - Hey Stepanov! I will throw, -
Then another driver called.
Get in my car -
Into a multi-ton dump truck! In the "Children's World" - store,
Where are the toys in the window, -
A bully appeared.
He overturned the sled.
He took the cloves out of his pocket
Hole a drum. The seller to him: - Pay! -
He answered: - I will not pay!
- Do you want to go to the department? -
Answers: - Yes, I want! Only suddenly at the bully
Heart skipped a beat in his chest:
In the bright mirror of Stepan
He saw behind. “Do you want to go to the ward?”
- What do you! What do you! I do not want!
- Pay the cash to the cashier!
- How much do you need? I'll pay! The guard Stepan Stepanov
It was a thunderstorm for bullies. One morning, Sunday,
Stepa left the yard.
Stop! Don `t move!
There is no escape:
It has stuck around children. Vitya is looking at the bosses,
He wrinkles his nose from embarrassment:
- Uncle Styopa! Sorry!
- What?
- There is a question! Why, having come from the Baltic Fleet,
Did you go to the police?
Do you really work
Didn’t you find this better? Uncle Styopa's brows are frowning,
The left eye is squinting a little
Says: - Well, friends!
I will answer the question! I will tell you a secret
What I serve in the police
Because this service
I find it very important! Who with the rod and with the gun
On a post in the winter and in the summer?
Our Soviet guard
This is the same watch!
Police post
And the police are afraid
One whose conscience is not clear. Unfortunately, it happens
What scare the police
Naughty kids.
How are parents not ashamed?
This is stupid and insulting!
And when I hear it
I blush to the ears ... The guys of the second class
With Uncle Stepa for over an hour
The conversation continued.
And the guys goodbye
Shouted: - Goodbye!
Goodbye! Goodbye!
Uncle Styopa - Traffic Light! I, my friends, will tell you right away:
This book is on order. I came to kindergarten,
I speak with the guys.
"Read Uncle Stepa, -
Asks the first row in chorus. I read the guys a book,
I didn’t have time to sit down,
The boy rises:
“Does Stepa have children?” What will I say to him in response?
It’s hard to answer: no.
I'm poetry about Uncle Stepa
Started many years ago and nowhere about Uncle Stepa
He did not say that he was married.
That once he fell in love
I chose a girl alone
And married Manechka,
And he brought his wife home ... _____ What happened in the maternity hospital
This winter day in the morning!
This is who the guests are introduced to
Sisters, nannies, doctors? In a bright, sunny room,
Near mom, on the bed,
In front of other moms
An unprecedented baby is sleeping,
Not a kid, but a whole little one -
A full eight kilograms! A whisper is heard in the wards,
A loud conversation is heard:
- Born to Uncle Stepa
A son named Egor! On the seventh branch
To the address of the father-foreman
Sends congratulations
All militia of the country. Telegrams arrive:
“What is the new Hercules?”
"Specify the kilograms"
"Confirm the exact weight." Congratulates the city of Gorky
October kids:
"Uncle Step and Egor
Our greetings from the bottom of our hearts. ”Congratulate Uncle Stepa
And Tashkent and Sevastopol,
Sends a gift to the kid
Battle Baltic Fleet. Congratulations to the squad
Postman wear tired.
Uncle Styopa from excitement
He even began to stutter ._____ A hero, not a child!
How not to believe miracles?
Grows from diapers
Not by the day, but by the hour. So he eats jelly from a spoon,
Says: "Yeah, yeah ..."
Now he got on his feet,
I took the first two steps. Here is Egor
At the blackboard with chalk in hand
Here is the first five
Egor’s diary ... He goes to bed by the clock,
Directions are not waiting.
If even something is dreaming -
At seven in the morning, Yegor gets up. In the heat, in the frost - anyway
He opens the window.
Quickly does exercises
Eating soft-boiled eggs for breakfast,
Five potato patties,
Two glasses of yogurt
And a bowl of semolina porridge -
Porridge is also not harmful! _____ About Yegor Stepanov
A rumor spread very soon:
The boy is ten years old,
But a small child
Not according to the age of strength,
Not a child, but an athlete! Among thousands of kids
There are no such strong guys. A quarrel is brewing somewhere,
The argument goes into a fight -
There is no fight, no contention
If next to Egor.Hot and not his father’s growth -
Do not offend the fellow:
He puts on two shoulder blades
At school, the best wrestler -
Wrestling champion
From the seventh grade "B". Uncle Styopa glad and proud,
That little son loves sports ._____ Once in the snow "Volga" got stuck,
Skid for a very long time,
Stuck b still -
Do not notice her Egor. Driving askew
Looks sadly under the wheels
To himself mutters evil:
“That's the trouble, how skidded!” Egor came up from behind
And he helped someone else’s uncle:
Rested on the fence with his foot,
He pushed one or two ... Uncle was very surprised,
He gave a signal and rolled! _____ Shoes glide across the grass,
In the blue eagles soar.
Sprawled along the path
Tourist detachment.Everything in the campaign is difficult -
All go light
And do not lie fluff and cotton
In a pioneer backpack. A mountain is moving uphill
All sorts of good -
This drags our Egor
Two tents, two pails
And firewood for the fire. He loaded so much luggage,
That neither front nor back
Do not recognize him.
What to do, once in the squad
No one is stronger! _____ Day after day, year after year
Dyadistepin son is growing.
Krasnoshchek, broad at the shoulders,
He walks in the first strong men.
Chunky and muscular
A recognized weightlifter for everyone. The first day of the competition.
In the hall you hear: “Attention!
Performs "average weight"! "
Yegor goes to the platform,
People do not take their eyes off him,
Show interest. This is not the first time in this room.
World records are breaking -
And gold medals
Issued to the masters.
This time the record of Europe
Uncle Stepa’s son beats:
Raises
Squeezes ...
Three hundred and thirty kilograms! From such a great luck
Uncle Styopa is almost crying,
Whispers in his wife’s ear:
- I, Maroussia, like in a dream ... The champion was immediately given
Gold two medals.
The newspapers called:
Urgently require a portrait.
Two overseas reporters
They ask politely Egor
To answer the questions.
- How old are you?
- Twenty years.
- Your main desire?
- Get an education.
- What do you want to become?
“Fly between the stars!” Reporters smiled:
- Do you know how to dream?
“Yes!” Said Yegor. “I can.
I dare not refuse myself!
So the whole country dreams
Our whole family is big ...
Meet my dad -
Police elder! Reporters bowed,
Apologize in english
And closing the tape recorder
They quickly ran out ._____ The port is open international -
The port is air, not water.
The new terminal.
Passengers full lounge. Every minute
Ships fly off -
One to Havana, one to Calcutta,
To the other end of the earth.
Like heavenly princesses
Flight attendants run through. Border Guard
At their posts:
Puts stamps in foreign
And in Soviet passports. People have tickets in their hands,
Both bouquets and packages.
Loud talk. Jokes. Laughter.
Only these are not tourists,
And gymnasts and weightlifters,
And of course, the footballers -
We know everyone perfectly! They are all by name
We have known us since childhood ... Mom and dad escorted,
Uncle Kolya, Aunt Kapa,
Grandchildren, daughters, sons -
Everyone has a family!
Goodbye all in a row
Cross-talk:
- Run - don’t stumble,
You’ll come running - don’t catch a cold! - Every business needs experience,
So that you don’t waste your energy ... Uncle Styopa jokes with his son:
“Did you forget the barbell at home? Three weeks passed.”
- Arrived?
- Arrived!
- How did you fly? Not tired?
- Everything is good!
- Where are the medals? -
Voices from all sides ... - Hello, son!
- Great, dad! -
Uncle Stepa shouted from the gangway
Olympic champion ._____ We have a little
The town is half-secret,
He surrounded his fence ... Among the military pilots -
Testers are excellent -
Yegor lives in the town,
He is a Major. Strong, brave and serious,
He achieved his dream
The study was given stellar,
To conquer the heights. To complete the task
On a rocket ship
Unearthly trials
He passed on Earth. And one morning early
We will hear in silence:
"Cosmonaut Egor Stepanov
Greetings to the Moon are sent from Mars! ”That will be reported ::
"From Mars sends greetings to the moon!"
That will be admiration!
And in the seventh compartment
Congratulations from the Minister
Uncle Stepa - foreman! Lived in Moscow Stepan Stepanov
Noble policeman.
And now Stepan Stepanov -
Ordinary pensioner. Veteran in the years of considerable
The man is already gray-haired.
Of all experienced people
Still the youngest. Stepanov does not sit at home,
Doesn't look out the window all day
And he’s not looking for acquaintances,
To fight in dominoes, what is Uncle Styopa doing,
The childhood of our hero?
As before, Uncle Styopa
He is a good friend of the kids. Take, for example, the stadium -
Where the guys are, there he is!
The guys are led to the zoo -
Children are waiting for Uncle Stepa. Here with his sweeping step
He goes through the square.
And around the children of the group -
Inquisitive people. - Tell me, Uncle Styopa,
How does your son Yegor live? - Show, Uncle Styopa, How to look through the fence? -
Uncle Styopa is glad to try:
- I'll show you! Look, brothers. - He does not know a sense of proportion, -
Retired people say.
- Uncle Styopa and now
He wants to be younger than us! _____ Is there anything in the world,
What can be hidden for a long time?
Fifth grader Rybkin Petya
Slowly he began to smoke. The guys for cigarettes
And so the hand reaches.
Lags behind in all subjects
Do not recognize the student! I started coughing a fool.
That's what tobacco means! Uncle Styopa eyebrows frowns:
“Which one of you guys smokes?”
I can not stand smoking!
I’m not ruining my health!
You are a conscious people!
The one who smokes, step forward! For yourself alone in the answer,
Blushing at everyone like cancer,
Fifth grader Rybkin Petya
He took the required step. What can I say a lot?
“I promise not to smoke!” Stepanov winked at the children,
Shook the boy’s hand ...
Everyone knows that Petya Rybkin
He kept this word ._____ The infantry takes the height -
Offensive troops.
Like a frog from a swamp
Someone pulls the “tongue.” Even the girls can’t sleep,
They, the nurses, have no time for sleep ...
That’s the game "Zarnitsa" -
Not military war. Uncle Styopa on the hill
Yes, even on a tubercle
Watching with a keen eye
Behind the battle in the distance, Mitya Vertushkin ran up,
The platoon commander asks:
- Uncle Styopa! Though bend down!
You’re such a landmark! ”Uncle Styopa smiled,
But he obeyed - bent down. The former foreman sees:
Though they play, but war! _____ They surrounded Uncle Stepa, They’re leading him directly to the headquarters:
- Confess, Uncle Styopa,
Did you "root" for whom? - I will not answer,
I am supposed to be silent.
I am detained. I'm captive.
I won’t say a word! _____ One morning, Uncle Stepa
Met in the yard
- Where are you going?
- I'm flying to Europe!
I'll be home in September.
There is a ticket and there is a ticket
Plane Moscow - Paris. It’s embarrassing to refuse:
And do not want to - fly!
Everyone enters the plane:
“Well, take it, Aeroflot!” Uncle Styopa sat down in a chair,
Buckled up. Ate breakfast.
Just picked up the newspaper -
What? Arrived!
Three points landed
And in Paris I found myself. The Eiffel Tower in Paris
Uncle Styopa visited.
“Of course, you are a little lower!” -
The translator joked in the old town hall of tourists
The venerable mayor received
Behind Paris a sparkling glass
Raised our pensioner. Sitting next to the partisan,
I talked about Moscow,
Two veteran workers
Gave a matryoshka doll. Uncle Stepa was invited
Both to the museum and to the restaurant
And everywhere they imagined:
“This is a Russian giant!” And once, with a suitcase
Having passed through an x-ray first,
Village tourist Stepan Stepanov
On a plane Paris - Moscow. At the window in the chair sat down.
Buckled up. Ate breakfast.
Just took up the newspaper -
What? Arrived! - How did it fly, Uncle Styopa?
- How is your health?
- How is Europe? -
And Stepanov answered everyone:
“Better at home — no place! _____ In the fifth grade, a squad gathering.”
Everyone needs to come to the gathering!
Above declared:
Uncle Styopa fell ill! Uncle Styopa caught a cold
And he found himself in bed.
And my friends are right there:
They came in, and these wait ... Who brings him jam,
Who is his poem
Who makes tea:
- Uncle Styopa! Here is raspberry
Drink instead of aspirin!
- Uncle Styopa! Do not miss. And moved by attention,
Thanks is full,
Aunt Manya meets everyone -
Dyadistepina’s wife. Less than a week has passed,
Uncle Styopa got out of bed,
I went out into the courtyard on Friday,
And towards the son of Yegor. We met a son with his father,
Everyone looks great! - You can congratulate us with your daughter!
The astronaut told his father ... We must put an end to this.
Uncle Styopa became a grandfather! Veteran Stepan Stepanov,
If you look sensibly,
Must sooner or sooner
Sorry to die. Amazing thing:
Day after day, year after year,
So many springs flew by
But Stepanov is still living! He has a pension,
And advanced years
But will not get old
Never and never! Those who knew him once
And went with him to kindergarten,
Those are bearded today
And the grandchildren introduce him. Uncle Styopa is friends with them -
He serves the boys faithfully
And ready always, everywhere
Help them in any trouble. Adults and children know,
All reading people
What, living in this world,
Uncle Styopa will not die!

Plot

A local celebrity lives in house number 8/1 - the tallest man in town. This is a policeman Stepan Stepanov, who was often called Kalancha. Due to his high growth, he had to search for the largest size shoes and clothes for a long time, and even she burst at the seams at the hero.Step's uncle was so tall that his head was taller than any fence, and the dogs barked loudly, mistaking him for a thief.

The policeman's appetite was also powerful, and during the meal he invariably ate a double portion. When he came to the cinema, he was asked to sit on the floor, because his powerful back covered the audience with the whole screen. And even he went to the stadium freely, because everyone believed that the real champion came to the competition.

Uncle Styopa enjoyed great love among the kids, for whom he was a reliable loyal assistant - well, who, if not he, would get a snake tangled in wires?

The policeman was so tall and large that the only suitable animal he could ride was an elephant - neither a donkey, nor even a camel could stand the giant. Due to his too long arms, he could not shoot at the shooting gallery, and at the carnival no mask could make him unrecognizable - Uncle Stepa could be recognized by a mile away.

Once Uncle Styopa, hearing someone's scream, rushed to the rescue and pulled out a frightened schoolboy Vasya Borodin from the river. The next time, the brave giant rescued the pigeons in the center of the fire. He was even offered to work as a firefighter, but he decided to go to the fleet.

After a while, Uncle Styopa, on which the kids managed to get bored, returned home. He gathered the children at home and began to tell them fascinating stories that had happened to him in the Navy. Since then, all the inhabitants of the city proudly began to call the sailor Uncle Stepa Lighthouse.

Retelling plan

  1. Uncle Styopa, nicknamed Kalancha.
  2. The problem of choosing clothes and shoes.
  3. Uncle Styopa in the cinema and at the stadium.
  4. Good example for guys.
  5. Elephant for Uncle Stepa.
  6. Salvation Vasya Borodin.
  7. Rescue pigeons.
  8. Uncle Styopa goes to the fleet.
  9. Uncle Styopa, nicknamed Lighthouse.

Feedback

Being non-standard, unlike others is not at all scary. The appearance of a person does not matter if he has such qualities as responsiveness and goodwill.

Drawing-illustration for the poem Uncle Styopa.

History of creation

Tales of a high policeman - a visiting card of the Soviet writer Sergei Mikhalkov. The year of writing the first poems about Uncle Step is 1935. Initially, the poem was published in the journal Pioneer. Later, verses about the brave giant came out as a separate book. In 1939, based on the work, they created a cartoon with the same name. In addition to poems about Uncle Step, the cartoon includes other works by Mikhalkov.

Poet Sergey Mikhalkov

In 1954, Uncle Styopa was a policeman in the magazine Border Guard. Sergei Mikhalkov did not plan to write a sequel, but a chance meeting prompted the poet to tell the children about the future fate of Stepan.

Uncle Styopa in the cartoon

In 1964, Soyuzmultfilm filmed Uncle Stepa, a Policeman. The voice of the brave servant of the law was given by singer and actor Vladimir Troshin.

The verse "Uncle Styopa and Yegor", published in 1968, also appeared not by chance. At a meeting with young readers, the writer was asked a question about the hero’s personal life. Mikhalkov decided that he would certainly tell how the fate of Stepan turned out. The logical conclusion of the Soviet epic was the poetic story "Uncle Styopa - a veteran." The final part was published in the newspaper Pravda in 1981.

Biography

Stepan Stepanov was born and raised in Moscow. The young man lives near Arbat in the house at number 8/1. Since childhood, the hero is different from his peers - Stepan grew up a tall and broad-shouldered guy. Due to a noticeable feature, neighbors and friends make fun of the hero:

"He is parachuting
And worries a little.
And below the people laugh:
"The tower wants to jump from the tower!"

But sarcastic phrases do not hurt Stepan, he is used to such an attitude and even learned to use his own physical data. Thanks to his high growth, Stepan rescues pigeons from a fire, pulls a drowning boy out of the water, and helps children remove kites from an electric wire.

Uncle Styopa - giant

Stepan has a dream - a young man strives for the fleet. After passing the medical commission, the man goes to the battleship "Marat". During the service, Stepan falls under the bombing, receives the rank of foreman. A man was wounded near Leningrad, so Stepanov left military service and returned home.

In Moscow, the hero masters a new profession - gets a position in the police. For a short time, Stepan becomes a thunderstorm of local bullies and delinquents.

Uncle Styopa - sailor

Thanks to the high growth, a brave policeman is repairing a failed traffic light. After this feat, the man receives the funny nickname "Tap-Traffic Light". Stepanova’s career is moving fast enough. Soon, Uncle Styopa gets a post of a guard in a new district of Moscow. In his free time, a man trains at the rink. In the skating race, Stepanov takes first place:

“Uncle Stepoy is proud
All police of the capital:
Styopa looks down
Gets first prize "

Soon, an enviable bachelor meets his fate - the girl Manechka. Young people play a noisy wedding, and after a short time Stepan Stepanov becomes a father.

The boy was born big and strong to the joy of parents. Egor - the so-called happy uncle Styopa called his son - is growing and developing rapidly. By character, the boy went to his father. A good child helps elders, goes in for sports and dreams of becoming an astronaut.

Uncle Styopa - policeman

Egor is the support and pride of Stepanov Sr. The young man graduates with honors from school, receives the title of Olympic champion and sets serious records in weightlifting. The famous father receives congratulations on the success of his son from colleagues and even from the ministers of the USSR.

The biography of the hero develops without surprises. The man raised his son and retired. In order not to stay at home, Uncle Styopa spends free time with children: he takes the kids to the zoo, plays with schoolchildren in Zarnitsa and makes sure that fifth graders do not smoke.

“He does not know a sense of proportion,
Retired people say.
- Uncle Styopa and now
He wants to be younger than us! ”

The former policeman is invited to visit France, and Uncle Styopa reluctantly agrees. Having returned, Stepan Stepanov falls ill. Local children help treat the common cold. The story of the famous giant ends on a happy note: Egor comes to his father with the news - Uncle Styopa has become a grandfather.

Uncle Styopa and Egor

The main characters of the poem are exemplary Soviet citizens. A worthy career, a quiet family life, victories in sports - the life of Uncle Stepa, like his son, is filled with important and correct values. But this is not the main idea of ​​the stories. Mikhalkov wanted to convey to the little reader that features (both external and internal) are not at all considered a flaw.

Interesting Facts

  • The artist of the first edition of the book "Uncle Styopa" sketched the main character with actor Alexei Batalov.
  • The hero-giant has not one monument, but three: in Moscow, Prokopyevsk and Samara.
Monument to Uncle Step
  • In 1940, a short story was published, "Uncle Styopa and the Red Army", affecting the time of military service of Stepan Stepanov. Readers did not like the poem and did not enter Mikhalkov’s collections.
  • The popular giant has long become a hero of jokes. Until now, kids who just met a character are amused by a joke:

“- Uncle Styopa, get a sparrow!
“No, I don't want to bend down.”

Quotes

"I do not need anything - I saved him for free!"

“I’ll go to the fleet if I go up.”

“I’ll tell you a secret that I serve in the police because I find this service very important!”

“Which of you guys smoke?” I can’t stand smoking! ”

The poem Uncle Styopa was first published in the journal Pioneer (1935, No. 7). The poem Uncle Styopa is a Policeman was first published in the journal Border Guard (1954, No. 20). The poem Uncle Styopa and Yegor was first published in the newspaper Pravda (1968, December 27). The poem Uncle Styopa is a Veteran was first published in the newspaper Pravda (June 1, 1981).

Instead of a preface, I note that this study is contrary to the latest data on the impact on a person’s success of his growth and “beauty”. We’ll talk about this next time.

Our investigation will take place in the world of that dream that will not come true. An illustration with a broken monument to I. Stalin in the Museon park in Moscow indicates an active rejection of yesterday's ideals. However, our children can see the canonization of President Putin and other miracles of the mind. Leave it for a while.
So, let's start from the end. Uncle Styopa doesn’t quite see the sunset of his life in the world of 1981. He goes to meetings, participates in public life. He has a pension from a Muscovite and a veteran of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, plus allowances for participation in the Great Patriotic War. He is respected. Let's try to figure out his life. And in the intentions of its author.

Our author is not simple. Yes, Mikhalkov is the main fabulist of the culture of totalitarianism, but he is elegant and deep in his own way. Interlines and interwords are born of totalitarian worlds. It teases the mind.

So, Uncle Styopa lives in the 1935th year. He is not fabulous. Specific descriptions of the signs of the times are only covered by hyperbolas. They interpret reality.

For example, descriptions of the courtyard gate. Now there is no trace of them, and then, the gates were closed at night, and the wipers were on duty at them, not applicable, like the gates themselves.
And here is an example of the interpretation of the “gate”, familiar to every boy of that era: “Hey, goalkeeper, get ready for battle, you’ve been sent to the gates, you imagine that the border line is behind you.” These are such borders, such are the images of borders and everything connected with them. Everything is serious, and this is not a fairy tale.

Our uncle Styopa lived in Moscow, at the outpost of Ilyich, everyone knew:

From gate to gate
I knew all the people in the area,
Where does Stepanov work,
Where is it registered?
How does he live ...

Why is the author needed here? It is unlikely that the reason is only in the growth and need of children ...

... because everyone is faster
Without special efforts
He shot the snake guys
With telegraph wires.

For children, attention to their amusements is a great value, and adults argue differently: a respectable person should not be engaged in nonsense.

Everyone loved Uncle Stepa,
Uncle Stepa respected:
He was the best friend
All the guys from all the yards -

But adults are also curious that the “wick” is always hanging out with the kids.
Our hero lives in the corner house "house is eight fractions of one," but it is not clear whether it takes off the corner or something else. Details of the life of a "famous" person are few.

The place where the hero of the poem lives has a symbolic name. Three decades later, there was a struggle to root the “Ilyich outpost” against the old and now returned name “Rogozhskaya Zastava”.

If you are familiar with M. Khutsiev’s film “Ilyich’s Outpost” / “I’m Twenty Years Old”, then you will understand the rich context of progressive youth, “outposts” as an outpost, and Khutschev’s phrase about this (“... the hero of the poem fits, according to the poet , under such a then-undefined definition given by “advanced youth ...”).

It is remarkable that at that time the name “Ilyich’s outpost” had not yet taken root.
Behind the scenes in the film “The House I Live in” (1957) sounds:

Silence beyond the Rogozh outpost
Trees are sleeping by a sleepy river.
Only trains run after trains
Yes, someone buzzes.

Quite by the way, the wailing of “The House I Live in” was intended for Khutsiev, and only by chance was in other hands.
However, not only many places in Moscow were designated by the name of Lenin. And almost everywhere it was about, as in the Petersburg rhyme:

To Ilyich Lane
Do not go without a brick.

Something like this may have been said about the capital lane of Ilyich, the former Cossack (now renamed back). The area was being built. Then he was in full view and at the hearing.

And here is the “outpost”, and new buildings, the vanguard of a new way of life - both are united by a name. The area is being built up, they say about him, he is in full view and by ear.

Mention of work, registration, lifestyle of the hero - also signs of the times.“From the end of 1932, after internal passports and city registration were re-introduced, residents of large cities were required to have a residence permit issued by departments of internal affairs bodies. In houses with separate apartments, the responsibility to register tenants was entrusted to the management houses and the board of cooperatives. ”

The level of housing problems may shock the reader today. Living space shrank more and more, from 8 square meters. m per person in 1924 to 5.5 square meters. m in 1930 and 4 square meters. m in 1940. “Even at such an elite Moscow factory as Hammer and Sickle, 60 percent of workers in 1937 lived in hostels of one kind or another” 5, The main form of hostels for workers and students is barracks. In 1934 there were more than 5,000, and the number was growing, and the "decree" did not save.

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Our hero did not live in a hut (he takes a cold shower in the morning, although most Muscovites learned about the existence of bathrooms in the sixties), but he is familiar with everyday hardships. The lack of products (the card system was in effect until 1935 inclusively) was exacerbated by the lack of things, including clothes and shoes (due to the massive slaughter of livestock, a shortage of skin appeared). The quality of things acquired by a miraculous combination of circumstances fell below any criticism. And not only because of the size of the hero and should be understood poems about buying clothes:

Will buy with grief in half,
Turn to the mirrors -
All tailor's work
Parting at the seams!

Salvation from state trade was served by markets where, since 1932, peasants were allowed to trade products, but there was trade in second-hand goods.

He searched the market
Greatest shoes
He was looking for pants
Unprecedented width.

The thing bought from the hands did not creep out so much because of disgusting sewing, but — probably — because of the endurance.

It is interesting that readers are not informed about Stepanov’s loved ones - about his father, about his mother and other relatives. Kinship, the family circle were then highly valued, and a person could hardly be perceived fully as a separate unit.

In his memoirs, the author admitted that he created the son of Uncle Stepa, for the sake of children's distribution of children. The idea of ​​the existence of a person outside the family, especially a person as positive as our hero, does not fit into children's consciousness. Even less can this fit into the minds of an adult of the thirties, when any questionnaire contained a long series of questions about parents, relatives and friends, social background and so on.

The absence of relatives happened if the origin was. However, the abandonment of relatives was not a panacea, because the punitive system worked without interruption, even if it caused serious failures (it is characteristic, however, that a new class policy was proclaimed in the 1936 Constitution, restrictions on the class grounds were removed, which remained only when being drafted into the army, but since Step’s uncle served in the army, the origin of the hero was, if not exemplary, then certainly not reprehensible).

So why did Stepan Semenov have no family in the beginning? In the grandfather's origin, the name of the hero convinces us. Doubling - Stepan Stepanov - is hardly accidental. For children who have forgotten their last name, the last name was given by first name.
Stepan is deprived of ties with the past. He is all in the present and moves with him through history. It is always modern - both in the mid-thirties and in the mid-fifties. Such logic can be traced in all parts of the poem.

It is striking and ironic that, taken outside the family circle, the hero is called the "uncle", which became an addition to his name already in his youth.
“Uncle, get a little sparrow!” The children once shouted, chasing a lanky man. So he remains a "guy" for life. This is worth the details.

Uncle Styopa does not grow up at all, serving in the navy or in the police, and remains a foreman until old age (“former foreman”), he is constant.
The foreman, the military rank introduced in the Soviet armed forces on September 22, 1935, “is awarded to the best senior sergeants. In the USSR Navy, the title "foreman" corresponds to the title "chief ship foreman". It is important that the foreman is the rank of junior command staff. This is someone who is always next to a soldier or sailor.

It is appropriate to recall here that once there was an “uncle” in the army - an experienced soldier who helped recruits in comprehending military science. "... an uncle of old soldiers is also assigned to each recruit in the regiment."
If we have a memory, then pops up: “Say, uncle, it's not for nothing ...”, in the other meaning “uncle” - “assigned to care and supervision of the child, pestoon”.
Meanwhile, the "uncle" is very young. Based on the fact that the first part of the poem was written in 1935, and the hero still did not serve in the army, it can be assumed that he was most likely born in 1917 (this is important).

If, being a homeless child, he could not remember his last name, then he got on the street no later than 1922 - 1923, five or six years old. Having lost the most important connections for a person - “patronymic emphasizes in a name a spiritual connection with his father, his last name - with his family,” the hero acquired something more.

Doubling a name is a doubling of a function. So what does this combination mean?

By the name of Stepanov
And by the name of Stepan,
From the regional giants
The most important giant.

Stepan, the old form of Stefan, comes from the Greek word “stephanos”, “wreath”, that is, the hero, the most important of the giants, as if crowned with a giant inflorescence. This is logical. Uncle Styopa embodies the spirit of a totalitarian culture. “... the whole individualism of culture ... meant that each collective had its own individual representative”, while the demand for individuality “in fact meant hierarchy”.

Stepan Stepanov is a local Moscow deity, following the course of the world order, debugging the movement of street life. But the deity is, as it were, not too significant, a kind of “genius of the place”, and the place is rather limited (by the way, the connection between the term of relationship “uncle” and the concept of small “deities” was noted in the scientific literature).

Called the “Kalancha”, Uncle Styopa is not a hero. His exploits do not go beyond the bounds of a strong and physically developed person (and, very importantly, a bold and decisive person).

Here is one of many examples. Uncle Styopa rescues a drowning man:

What happened?
What a scream?
“This is a student drowning.
He fell off a cliff into a river -
Help the man! ”

In the eyes of the whole people
Uncle Styopa climbs into the water.

If there is something heroic, then something supernatural is certainly missing. The reaction of idle spectators will only mislead the utterly naive.

“This is unusual, -
Everyone screams to him from the bridge. -
You, comrade, knee-deep
All the deepest places! ”

Common sense resists: a schoolboy, even a seven-year-old, drowns in a place where the river is deep in its height, that is, a little more than a meter — what, does Uncle Stepa have a shin with a meter? This is not a statement of a real fact, but a modification of the famous expression “drunken sea knee-deep,” - should be read “bold”. Others were frightened and crowded on the shore, talking among themselves.
But the example is a little more complicated. Uncle Styopa again confronts the elements.

The house is burning around the corner
One hundred onlookers are standing around
Team puts stairs
The fire extinguishing the house.

The whole attic is already on fire
Pigeons are beating in the window.

In the yard in a crowd of guys
Uncle Stepa says:
“Really with the house
Will our pigeons burn? ”

Uncle Styopa from the sidewalk
Reaching the attic
Through the fire and smoke of the fire
His hand reaches out.

He opens the window,
Fly out of the window
Eighteen Doves
And behind them - a sparrow.

It seems that there is a titanic effort. But it’s practically more interesting: the writer skillfully deploys a verbal cliché formula: “Uncle, get a sparrow!”

You can compare the scene about the fire and Uncle Stepa with the scene from the poem S.Marshak's "The Story of an Unknown Hero."

Many guys
Shoulders and strong
Many wear
T-shirts and caps.
A lot in the capital
The same
The badges.
To the glorious feat
Each
Ready!

The episodes are similar in content. But the actions of the heroes are different. Hero Marshak annoys all the forces. Hero Mikhalkov accomplishes a heroic act with a movement of his hand. Nevertheless, both heroes are similar. A hero is a typical young man “in his development” (to use a well-known expression), after eighteen years of the existence of Soviet power.

By the way, it is necessary to say separately about the details, which - due to the fact that many realities are forgotten - do not pay attention. The audience, watching the actions of firefighters and not interfering, is not just onlookers, but an audience of a special kind.

For many decades, fires were a favorite sight of citizens, the sound of a fire pipe, the sound of a bell or just seeing strong flashes in the distance, they hurried to the scene, some came from the other end of the city to see how firefighters struggle with the elements.
S. Rumyantsev wrote about the aesthetics and traditions of such spectacles in his incomplete essay. Thus, those whom the author calls onlookers are the embodiment of the past, the symbols of a departed way of life.

Moreover, if Marshak’s hero is presented at a critical moment, after which he disappears without even having to give a name, then in Mikhalkov’s poem the very repeatability and rhythm of Uncle Stepa’s heroic deeds matter.

The structure of one episode of the poem is not different from the other: an accident - curious, not taking anything ordinary people - Uncle Styopa coming to the rescue. Such standard episodes with a single variable (the efforts of those responsible for the order - firefighters, police) make up the first and second parts of the poem.

Uncle Styopa may be a well-known regional hero, but he, like others, is preparing “for work and defense” - he jumps from a parachute tower in the Park of Culture and Rest and shoots at a shooting gallery. “... when a country orders to be a hero, anyone becomes a hero with us!”

Thanks to his physical giftedness, he is ready for defense and work: the hero “outgrows” - because of his impressive growth - the scope of the proposed situations. Such is the scene of a prigka from a tower (“a tower wants to jump from a tower”) and visits to the shooting gallery. . What is the use of visiting a shooting gallery:

To the shooting gallery, under a low canopy,
Uncle Styopa barely climbed.

Looking around the anxiety range,
The cashier says in response:

“You will have to kneel,
Dear comrade, stand up -
You can target
Get a gun without a gun! ”

Uncle Styopa is isolated from the crowd, but the mechanism of his actions and indispensable success bring all heroics to nothing. Soviet - mass - heroism is a problem of upbringing, and not of superhuman effort.

In practice, Uncle Styopa only fixes problems that interfere with the smooth and measured flow of everyday life, to eliminate which usually cause a repair team.

During the war, he does not commit anything that the author would have considered necessary to tell. Uncle Styopa is an ordinary (albeit somewhat special) Soviet man.

Well, Uncle Styopa is part of a social mechanism. However, it is interesting that on the whole of this social mechanism it plays the role of a simple mechanical device.

Uncle Styopa according to his parameters is still not a screw and not a nut. He is a lever. This is not only a comparison that is suitable for him, but also its literal function, judging by the actions it takes. The nicknames themselves (not nicknames!), Which his guys reward, testify to special statics: Kalancha - a lighthouse - a traffic light. That is why it does not appear where there is an increased dynamics of action (and therefore, so to speak, in terms of performance, it is not intended for feat as an impulse, but only for effort).

He acts exclusively in the vertical direction, raising objects from the bottom up or holding out his hand, not without reason the train driver, whom Uncle Styopa warned about the erosion of the canvas, took him for a semaphore.

These characteristics also correspond to the laws on which the poem about Uncle Step is built. Within each part, the space is isotropic, the movement is uniform.

The ratio of space and time, among other things, indicates that we are not a fairy tale. Uncle Styopa is aging in proportion to age, respectively, when the next part of the poem is written.

In 1935, he was eighteen, in 1954 thirty-seven, in 1968 fifty-one. The age and the series of events are so realistic that amusing distortions arise, in the work for children remain out of interpretation (for one and a half ten years Uncle Styopa was, and remained in the rank of police foreman).

So, the hero embodies a new type - Soviet man. It always appears where it is needed, and performs the function that is relevant at the moment: a sliding staircase, semaphore, traffic light, crane. He is not endowed with any personal qualities, he is not kind, not evil, not quick-tempered, not amorous. Its only social characteristic is applicability in urban environments.

The real world, the environment by which the literary hero is usually defined, is rarefied here, almost empty. From his uncle Stepa: a cupboard from which he took books, a sofa to which he put a stool, going to bed (one roller reclined). In addition, the concept of “own” is quite arbitrary. These are not personal things, but things that are in use, therefore the hero did not free himself from the couch and did not sleep on the floor, rolling out a mattress for convenience: he lived, most likely, in a strange apartment (the custom is out of fear of sealing in a separate apartment of a very distant relative or people not causing complete rejection was very common).

Stepanov’s distribution standards are not calculated in a society where everything is “according to coupons” —Stepa does not focus on this. He perceives this as temporary turmoil. Stepan fits perfectly into the norms of existence.

Fits into the army standards and its growth. He is not so great, otherwise he would not have been taken into the army. Passes along the upper border. Tutelka in the tutelka)

With your height on the plane
Uncomfortable to be in flight -
Feet will get tired -
You have nowhere to put them!

For people like you
There are no horses
And in the Navy you are needed -
Serve for the country!

The fleet is an ideal place of service for him, the food is plentiful, it is issued according to other standards (traditional naval compote of dried fruits, replacing the wine glass, remarkably emphasizes Uncle Stepa's “childishness”, this is “sweet”, the third dish loved by the children). And the service life - increased in the Navy - for Uncle Stepa just right, following the artistic logic of the image.

However, for its time, the growth of the hero is not so exotic, as evidenced by the reaction of observers:

And once past the bridge
Go home eight fractions one
Uncle-Stepinogo growth
The citizen is moving.

No surprise, no surge of emotions. And the epithet proposed by the author is by no means hyperbolic:

Who, comrades, is familiar
With this prominent sailor?

Yes, he is prominent, that is, “tall, stately, gritty”, and therefore noticeable, noticeable.

Appearance also indicates something:

Pleated uniform trousers,
He's in his greatcoat under his belt
In the woolen gloves of the hand,
Anchors glisten on it.

In the army, where there is a constant shortage of clothes of inaccessible sizes, they found a uniform for him in height.

The situation outlined in this episode is quite realistic. Uncle Stepa was called to the fleet in 1935 or 1936. Four years of service are given in 1939 or 1940, but it was during these years that those who had served their due time remained in the army “until the upcoming war”, and Uncle Styopa, who defended Leningrad, that is, who fought along with other sailors of the Baltic Fleet, could not get leave earlier than the Leningrad blockade was lifted, it means, not before the end of January 1944.
They didn’t really recognize the hero, because too much time had passed, the previous children had grown up, began to work on an equal basis with adults, someone had been drafted into the army, and Uncle Stepa was unknown to the current child. After all, almost eight years have passed.

He invites his new friends to visit.

I’ll rest. I will put on a tunic.
I’ll lie on the couch.
Come in after tea -
I’ll tell you a hundred stories!

The hero promises to tell about the big battleship Marat, almost certainly not about someone else's ship, but about the one on which he himself served. Such a ship - a battleship, that is, a battleship - was the largest type of ship during the two world wars - it fits.

But the next time cycle ended: the battleships in modern conditions did not represent a serious fighting force and therefore were withdrawn from service, and a little later they were simply destroyed at the direction of N. S. Khrushchev, who saw them as symbols of the Stalin era.

When did Uncle Styopa go to work in the police? And - what interests us much more - why to the police, and not, say, to the fire department, not to rescuers on the waters, etc.?

The uncertainty that is present at the beginning of the second part of the poem (the action here is distant in time):

Who doesn’t know Uncle Stepa?
Uncle Styopa is familiar to everyone!
Everyone knows that Uncle Styopa
He was once a sailor.

What did he once live long
At the outpost of Ilyich.
And that he wore a nickname:
Uncle Styopa - Kalancha, -

Given the age, the hero was demobilized (not injured — injured “a little”, protecting Leningrad, and besides, with a serious injury, let alone a disability, he would have been commissioned by setting a minimum pension) in 1945, the most extreme - in 1946 m. And then he became a policeman.

Here we should recall the story, suitable as a good example. Yu. Nikulin was summoned to the regional police department and asked why he had been demobilized in May, but had not yet found a job, while in the courtyard it was September (the case takes place in 1946). Upon learning that he was not accepted into theatrical universities, they said that we need such people: a front-line soldier, a party member, and secondary education. Nikulin even wondered whether to take advantage of the offer.

But the question - why uncle Styopa went to the police - remained unanswered. Subjectively, everything is clear, and there is nothing to ask. He is a patriot, which, with some pomp (says something with children), the hero reports:

I'll tell you a secret
What I serve in the police
Because this service
I find it very important!

Who with the rod and the gun
On a post in the winter and in the summer?
Our Soviet guard
This is the same sentry!

It’s not without reason
Police post
And the police are afraid
One whose conscience is not clear.

One of the meanings of the word “post”

“... the place or site of the area where police officers (guards) perform the duties of protecting public order. A police station is set up where it is necessary to ensure the constant presence of police officers. When a post is constructed, its center and boundaries are determined. The center of the post is located in a place where it is most convenient to monitor and quickly take measures to prevent and suppress offenses. Removing borders from the center of the post should not exceed 300 m. ”

The device of this post is ideal for realizing the properties of the hero.
It is like a “pendulum” testifying to the rhythm of state life (the post, as indicated, has a center and not too distant borders, within which the guard runs).
Stepan fulfills the previous functions, he is still the same “sliding ladder” (lifts up the baby lost in the train flea market), “lifting mechanism” (bending down from the bridge, takes an old woman into the arms, which the stream carries away on the ice with a basket of clothes), “ observation post ”(observes from a distance a mischievous person who offended two students).

Uncle Styopa again appears where there is a need for it, with a mechanical obligation - eliminates the obstacle and restores the lost rhythm of the social mechanism.
For example, in the case when a traffic light broke and no one - characteristically, even an ORUD employee sitting in a glass booth - is unable to do anything, the hero comes to the rescue.

Stepan did not argue -
Traffic light pulled out
He looked into the middle
Something turned up somewhere ...

At the same moment
The right light comes on.
Restored movement
No congestion!

After this kid, he is no longer called the “Lighthouse”, but the “Traffic Light”.

As you can see, all the functions of the hero, at the level of significant episodes mentioned in the first part, are duplicated in the second, albeit determined by a different context.
Uncle Stepa, a policeman, is not a punitive task, but a supervisory one, control, and nevertheless, he has the usual function of regulating, debugging, although his duties are nothing like this: Uncle Styopa repairs the traffic light (becoming like a new fuse that is being replaced so that the appliance continues to work). While at the post, he regulates this or that everyday situation: he helped the lost baby find his mother, and “the family didn’t fall apart”, he tamed the bully who did not want to pay money to the cashier, and he paid.

The central episode of the second part requires special consideration.

The guys walked past the building
What's on Rebellion Square,
Suddenly they look - Stepan is standing,
Their beloved giant!

Everyone froze in surprise:
- Uncle Styopa! It is you?
This is not your branch
And not your area of ​​Moscow!

In the words of the guys, the hero’s statics and his inherent quality are noted - he cannot even move anywhere, he is attached to his district and his squad, but that’s not the point.

We can assume that the guys who know where Uncle Styopa serves and even his police station themselves live nearby, and they accidentally got to Uprising Square (well, for example, they gathered at the zoo). Why was Uncle Styopa here? He answers, as always, vaguely:

Uncle Styopa trumped
Smiled, winked:
- I got an honorary post!
And now on the pavement,
Where the house stands tall,
There is a high-altitude guard!

According to the logic of things, the vertical dominant, which is a skyscraper in the area of ​​the Rebellion, really requires a commensurate environment, a "high-speed guard". But this particular, much more important, that the high-rise building itself did not appear by chance. Conceived as an accompaniment to the vertical of the Palace of Soviets, “a necklace of eight verticals reveals the central core of the capital, their carefully thought-out location is connected both with the topography of the city and with the structure of its plan” 21 (the eighth building, which should be located in Zaryadye, was not built , as, in fact, the Palace of Soviets).

The building mentioned in the poem is remarkable in its own way: “The high-rise apartment building on Vosstaniya Square (1950 - 1954, architects M. Posokhin and A. Mndoyants, engineer M. Vokhomsky) forms the spectacular completion of large sections of the Garden Ring and radial streets, it dominates over the territory of the zoo lying on low sections and the Krasnaya Presnya quarters. The wings of the building with steep terraces rise to 18 floors, 22 floors has a central volume, over which an octagonal tower with a steeple-tent rises up to 160 m. 452 apartments comprise this structure. The ledges of the wings provided the transition from a powerful main massif to the surrounding buildings ”22. By the way, it was built just opposite the house where Sergei Mikhalkov lived to this day and lives to this day. The address could formally change due to renaming or numbering of houses, but the house and apartment remained the same.

However, this is not the main thing. And to introduce the reader to the essence of the matter, an excursion into history is needed.

The lack of personnel in the police after the war and the low level of its training required emergency measures: organizational, and educational.
“... the idea of“ Moscow patriotism ”should have been the core of mass patriotic education, which was mentioned in one of his public speeches in 1947.The Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.) G. M. Popov directly pointed out. The same speech contained a symbolic definition of Moscow as the center of the Slavic world. ”
A number of events were dedicated to the celebration of the 800th anniversary of Moscow (1947); by January of that year, a closed government decree on the construction of eight Moscow skyscrapers was included.
The next stage - the transition from the propaganda of "Moscow patriotism", which, due to political circumstances, has outlived itself, to all-Russian patriotism, was marked in the spring of 1949.
But new actions to improve the work of the police, as well as to complete and select personnel, did not work. The Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of August 27, 1953 followed, as well as the order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR of September 17, 1953, again related to reorganization issues.
It is interesting that the head of the GUM Political Department, I. A. Kozhina, proposed to permit the release of the All-Union Police Magazine and to assist creative workers in creating literary works and feature films about the police. Here are the things going on!
Enough of chronicles and stories ... It’s enough to say that the reorganization entailed such important consequences as the withdrawal of the police from the MGB system, as well as a decrease in the level of crime, which had grown by that time (thanks to Beria for the amnesty for criminals in 1953).
This activity also affected artistic production: classic Soviet films about the police appeared on the screen, books about her appeared. Finally, the second part of the poem appeared - “Uncle Styopa - a policeman”.
The text of her captures the twists and turns of state ideology projected on police construction. Uncle Styopa, from a Moscow deity - with a change in ideological doctrine - automatically becomes a state deity (the hero’s solarity is emphasized by the mark located on the navel — a shiny coat of arms with a belt buckle and another badge - cockade).

And now among the giants
Those that the whole country knows
Alive and healthy Stepan Stepanov -
Former naval foreman.

He walks around the area
From yard to yard
And again on him shoulder straps,
With a gun holster.

Inscribed in the “national”, “Moscow” ones, it’s not without reason that the courtyards are mentioned again (by the sixties, they were increasingly opening out into the whole city: the gates didn’t lock at night, and the gate leaves themselves disappeared, massive and worthless iron hinges remained hanging in the walls ) Uncle Stepa’s behavior reveals: “Look around, son!” He says to the boy who was lost at the station. The moment will come, and Uncle Styopa will finally become a father.

Here it should be finished. The uncommon third and fourth parts of the poem - “Uncle Styopa and Yegor” and “Uncle Styopa - a veteran” - are qualitatively different from the previous parts, they can be regarded as extensive inserts before the ending, albeit devoid of any artistic merit, but logically related to the previous text.

The hero lived and grew up with the country, together with the country he plunged into an old age similar to childhood. Recall that the fourth part was published on June 1, 1981 in the newspaper Pravda. This is the period subsequently named stagnation, whose abundant folklore varied in one way or another the plot of L. I. Brezhnev, who had fallen into childhood.

Uncle Styopa communicates only with children, slightly despises peers-veterans who slaughter a goat. But his position in the world has changed - whether the world has grown, whether the hero has decreased. He flies to Paris on a ticket, sitting in the passenger seat, although the narrow gaps between the rows of seats are not too convenient for an ordinary passenger.

The translator’s joke in the Paris episode that Step’s uncle is just below the Eiffel Tower should be understood as a joke. And as a gesture of politeness it is necessary to perceive the statement that it

... called everywhere
In French - “Giant”.

Only a few years will pass before the beginning of the historical period with the name “perestroika”, and the hero will finally recede into the background.

And yet, one does not need to blame the author for market conditions and embellishment of ugly reality. The phenomenon of S. Mikhalkov - and his famous hero - is that both the hero and his creator fit quite sincerely and organically into any historical period.

We give one indirect argument: the period from 1934 to 1936 was the first more or less well-fed period after the collapse of NEP. It was even canceled, very briefly, the card system.

In this small time period, Uncle Styopa appeared, familiar to everyone since childhood, whether you are a reader or a listener.

7 comments

Uncle Styopa is missing us now 😉

Pesda? That's all.

Kill Your Own Apstenu

Oh, I noticed that you changed your phone.

Sergey Arsimsh recommended you to me. I'll call in the evening.

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On the secret of Mikhalkov's "Uncle Styopa"

My son loves "Uncle Styopa." He loves so much that the whole family knows this poem by heart. And the second part - "Uncle Styopa-policeman" - too. For three weeks he demanded to read it constantly and watched the cartoon daily. When I felt that everything, I can’t take it anymore, because Mikhalkov’s lines are constantly spinning in my head, the child slightly eased the pressure: now he recalls his favorite character about once a week or two. We exhaled.

I have often heard the opinion that the Soviet culture is far and alien to modern children, that they don’t understand the signs of the times, that they must speak a language that is close to them. However, here he is - an ordinary modern child who plays robots, loves “Paw Patrol” and dreams of becoming a lifeguard. Here he is, sitting playing a policeman from Lego and saying:

He's wearing a cockade on his cap,
He's in his greatcoat under his belt
The national emblem glistens on a buckle -
The sun reflected in him!

He is coming from the squad
And some pioneer
The mouth opened in amazement:
“That's so mi-chi-o-ner!”

Why do children love Uncle Styopa so much? What is so special that Sergei Mikhalkov has invested in his character, which has so delighted the guys for more than half a century? Is this book needed in the home library of a modern Orthodox family? I think yes.

Story poem

Uncle Styopa turned around
And he answered: “I am back!

Come on in! Hundred stories
I'll tell you about sharks
and about how in the Black Sea
I drowned twelve times. "

During the Great Patriotic War, Sergei Mikhalkov changed the text of the poem: the battleship "Marat" mysteriously appears in it, tightly battered by the Germans in 1941.

Here is another interesting point: since childhood I knew a version of the poem without an episode with the sinking of a fascist submarine. When my husband pulled out his children's book from the mezzanine, I was very surprised to see the following there:

Our sea is unsociable
Restless during the days of war.
Day and night on the battleship
The guns are all charged.

The eye of the tired does not close
Uncle Styopa - foreman.
Without binoculars, the surface of the sea
It is well visible to him.

Suddenly Uncle Styopa saw
Thirty kilometers
Something like a periscope
At the battleship on the way.

And there is! Look, sailor:
The enemy lurks under water.
One volley, followed by the second -
The Germans are drowning under water.

Uncle Styopa smiled
Bent to the blue sea
From the abyss of dark waters
Fascist flag pulls out.

Wet flag, slick flag,
Under which the enemy sailed.
- Served a rag to Fritz! -
The foreman declares. -
But the farm is useful
Maybe she is.

If you tear off the swastika,
To wash a rag with soap -
Knock on the doorstep
We will wipe our feet!

It turns out that this episode was excluded by the poet from the final edition of Uncle Styopa.

With the poem about the hero’s police everyday life, the story is also curious. Once Mikhalkov broke the rules by parking in the wrong place. A tall policeman approached him, reminding the poet Stepan. It turns out that he defended Leningrad during the war years. And so Sergei Vladimirovich liked him that the poem was continued - "Uncle Styopa - a policeman."

About the phenomenon of Uncle Styopa

Why do children love these verses so much? Why is my son - a modern boy, who sometimes can hardly be torn off from modern animated series - fascinatedly repeating the lines of this seemingly hopelessly distant work? What are all these signs of the time for him: a dovecote, a grandmother who rinses linen in an ice hole, masquerades in parks, this “tall citizen” in a cap, a T-shirt with lacing on the collar and in wide trousers? What is the mystery? What's the catch?

Uncle Styopa’s image is based on the child’s confidence that an adult can do EVERYTHING

Firstly, the image of Uncle Styopa is based on the child’s confidence that an adult can do anything. No, not like that: EVERYTHING. Stop the train, get the sinking grandmother right from the bridge, save the pigeons from the fire, open the attic window, see the enemy periscope at a distance of 30 kilometers. Stepan is a hero, kind and strong. And this combination causes both trust and admiration.

Secondly, Uncle Styopa is like a child. He is one of those "pure in heart." He fiddles with the little one, talks to them, takes out a snake from the wires ... Such a joke in Soviet times about tall people: “Uncle, get a little sparrow!” Stepan is not offended by nicknames and ridicule. He himself is sometimes expressed as children: "I saved him for free." Leo Kassil said that Mikhalkov "funny and heroic change places." It's true. The poet, as it were, was afraid to be too serious, and Stepan, who had just saved the man, said a cute absurdity. What for? Mikhalkov replies: "Vitamins of laughter are necessary for children."

Another point: moralizing in the poem sounds as if in passing, they slip between the lines, without bothering the child. And at the same time we remember them - a paradox! Who doesn’t know that “Uncle Styopa never forgot to brush his teeth”?

And the most important thing is a calm awareness of duty: Uncle Styopa knows exactly what he must do and how he can help.

And the most important thing, in my opinion, is a calm awareness of duty by the hero of the poem.There is no posturing in him, there is no excessive seriousness, but there is no frivolity either: he knows exactly what he must do, why he is posed and how he can help. And his growth - the object of ridicule, albeit harmless, the cause of many domestic inconveniences - Stepan uses in order to help people.

We have all the parts of Uncle Styopa, including about our son - Uncle Styopa and Yegor - and Uncle Styopa - a senior citizen. In my opinion, in terms of art, they are somewhat inferior to the first, but they complement them in a plot. Children are rather indifferent to them. For now, at least. Perhaps the topics raised in them are far from being for preschoolers.

About illustrations

"Uncle Styopa" was illustrated by many prominent artists. Name the best option is simply impossible. I’ll tell you about the most famous and brightest from an artistic point of view - those who created the image of a hero in our childhood.

Famous Fedor Lemkul. Ironic, stylish, avant-garde illustrations. Many do not like them, but! - for me this is an essential argument - they are the favorites of children. Lemkul's uncle Styopa is funny, not at all heroic, not at all a hero, but rather a lanky boy. Personally, I prefer the illustrations of Fyodor Viktorovich to Harms' poems. But you can’t fool children.

Elegant Juvenal Korovin. This is from the husband’s book with the full version of the poem. The illustrations are gentle, in the manner of the image gravitate towards symbolism, it seems to me. Uncle Styopa on them is such a Russian hero with wheat hair, black-browed, ruddy, smiling. Watercolor, light, major pictures, however, are somewhat generalized.

Bright, realistic, cheerful Vladimir Galdyaev. This is already a book of my childhood. Uncle Styopa is a shirt-guy in her. The main advantage of the publication, in my opinion, is precisely and lovingly transmitted time, pre-war and post-war Moscow. Here you can talk with your child about buildings and transport, professions and clothes - about the many signs of the era that convey its atmosphere.

So why do we need a Soviet policeman?

The time is strange now, if not terrible. We scare kids with dangers and villains more than we teach trust. There are reasons for this: we learn about them from the news and are afraid, afraid - we will not let go for a walk in the yard, and we will see off, and we will call, and we will control. For us, a stranger is a potentially dangerous person, and we do not want him to approach a child, talk with him. And there is no such a high citizen on the streets of our cities who could look with his eyes to find a kid lost in the crowd or make a bully answer for his actions.

But a fairy tale is a fairy tale. Everything in it should be good, at least it should end well. Evil in a fairy tale is never irreversible, otherwise it will become too heavy a burden for children. And even if there will be that kind uncle whom the kid can trust and can learn from him. Learn the kindness and restrained power through which this kindness pours on others.

Each parent decides what to say to his son or daughter about the police and the army. However, in the midst of all the garbage and vulgar junk that seeps into us from news and films, in the midst of the negativity that children unwittingly hear from adult conversations, the figure of Stepan is built - a kind giant, a former naval foreman, high-altitude guard, an honest small. And that's great. I think so.

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